How do I change the date format symbols for a specified locale?

package org.kodejava.example.text;

import java.text.DateFormatSymbols;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.Locale;

public class ChangeDateFormatSymbols {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Locale id = new Locale("in", "ID");
        String pattern = "EEEE, dd MMM yyyy";
        Date today = new Date();

        // Gets formatted date specify by the given pattern for
        // Indonesian Locale no changes for default date format
        // is applied here.
        SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat(pattern, id);
        String before = sdf.format(today);
        System.out.println("Before format change: " + before);

        // Create a DateFormatSymbols object for Indonesian locale.
        DateFormatSymbols dfs = new DateFormatSymbols(id);

        // Gets String array of default format of weekdays.
        String[] days = dfs.getWeekdays();
        String newDays[] = new String[days.length];
        for (int i = 0; i < days.length; i++) {
            // For each day, apply toUpperCase() method to
            // capitalized it.
            newDays[i] = days[i].toUpperCase();
        }

        // Set String array of weekdays.
        dfs.setWeekdays(newDays);

        // Gets String array of default format of short months.
        String[] shortMonths = dfs.getShortMonths();
        String months[] = new String[shortMonths.length];
        for (int j = 0; j < shortMonths.length; j++) {
            // For each short month, apply toUpperCase() method
            // to capitalized it.
            months[j] = shortMonths[j].toUpperCase();
        }

        // Set String array of short months.
        dfs.setShortMonths(months);

        // Create a SimpleDateFormat object by given pattern and 
        // symbol and then format the date object as String.
        sdf = new SimpleDateFormat(pattern, dfs);
        String after = sdf.format(today);
        System.out.println("After change format : " + after);
    }
}

Here are the output of our program:

Before format change: Kamis, 12 Apr 2018
After change format : KAMIS, 12 APR 2018

How do I change date formatting symbols?

This example shows how we can change the date formatting symbols. In this example we change the month names and short month names and also the weekday names and short weekday names.

Other than these two items we can also change other symbols such as the Era name and AM-PM string.

package org.kodejava.example.text;

import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.text.DateFormat;
import java.text.DateFormatSymbols;
import java.util.Date;

public class DateFormatSymbolsExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Defining a new Date Format Symbols, the following are month and day
        // names in Indonesian.
        String[] newMonths = {"JANUARI", "FEBRUARI", "MARET", "APRIL", "MEI",
            "JUNI", "JULI", "AGUSTUS", "SEPTEMBER", "OKTOBER", "NOVEMBER",
            "DESEMBER"};
        String[] newShortMonths = {"JAN", "FEB", "MAR", "APR", "MEI", "JUN",
            "JUL", "AGU", "SEP", "OKT", "NOV", "DES"};
        String[] newWeekdays = {"", "MINGGU", "SENIN", "SELASA", "RABU", "KAMIS",
            "JUMAT", "SABTU"};
        String[] shortWeekdays = {"", "MIN", "SEN", "SEL", "RAB", "KAM", "JUM",
            "SAB"};

        DateFormatSymbols symbols = new DateFormatSymbols();
        symbols.setMonths(newMonths);
        symbols.setShortMonths(newShortMonths);
        symbols.setWeekdays(newWeekdays);
        symbols.setShortWeekdays(shortWeekdays);

        DateFormat format = new SimpleDateFormat("dd MMMM yyyy", symbols);
        System.out.println(format.format(new Date()));

        format = new SimpleDateFormat("dd MMM yyyy", symbols);
        System.out.println(format.format(new Date()));

        format = new SimpleDateFormat("EEEE, dd MMM yyyy", symbols);
        System.out.println(format.format(new Date()));

        format = new SimpleDateFormat("E, dd MMM yyyy", symbols);
        System.out.println(format.format(new Date()));
    }
}

The result of the code snippet above is:

15 FEBRUARI 2018
15 FEB 2018
KAMIS, 15 FEB 2018
KAM, 15 FEB 2018