How do I format a date-time value?

In the DateFormat class there are some predefined constants that we can use to format a date time value. Here is an example of it.

package org.kodejava.example.text;

import java.text.DateFormat;
import java.util.Date;

public class DefaultDateFormatExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Date date = new Date();

        // Format date in a short format
        String today = DateFormat.getDateTimeInstance(DateFormat.SHORT,
                DateFormat.SHORT).format(date);
        System.out.println("Today " + today);

        // Format date in a medium format
        today = DateFormat.getDateTimeInstance(DateFormat.MEDIUM,
                DateFormat.MEDIUM).format(date);
        System.out.println("Today " + today);

        // Format date in a long format
        today = DateFormat.getDateTimeInstance(DateFormat.LONG,
                DateFormat.LONG).format(date);
        System.out.println("Today " + today);
    }
}

And you’ll see the result as follow:

Today 12/2/07 8:17 AM
Today Dec 2, 2007 8:17:09 AM
Today December 2, 2007 8:17:09 AM ICT

How do I format a date into dd/mm/yyyy?

Formatting a display is a common requirement when creating a program. Information in a good format can be seen as an added value to the user of the program. Using Java SimpleDateFormat we can easily format a date in our program.

package org.kodejava.example.text;

import java.text.DateFormat;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Calendar;
import java.util.Date;

public class DateFormatExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Date date = Calendar.getInstance().getTime();

        // Display a date in day, month, year format
        DateFormat formatter = new SimpleDateFormat("dd/MM/yyyy");
        String today = formatter.format(date);
        System.out.println("Today : " + today);

        // Display date with day name in a short format
        formatter = new SimpleDateFormat("EEE, dd/MM/yyyy");
        today = formatter.format(date);
        System.out.println("Today : " + today);

        // Display date with a short day and month name
        formatter = new SimpleDateFormat("EEE, dd MMM yyyy");
        today = formatter.format(date);
        System.out.println("Today : " + today);

        // Formatting date with full day and month name and show time up to
        // milliseconds with AM/PM
        formatter = new SimpleDateFormat("EEEE, dd MMMM yyyy, hh:mm:ss.SSS a");
        today = formatter.format(date);
        System.out.println("Today : " + today);
    }
}

Let’s view what we got on the console:

Today : 02/12/2007
Today : Sun, 02/12/2007
Today : Sun, 02 Dec 2007
Today : Sunday, 02 December 2007, 08:03:17.828 AM