How do I get all available currency codes?

The example presented in this code snippet show you how to get the available currency codes. We will need the locale information and use the Currency class for this example.

package org.kodejava.util;

import java.util.Currency;
import java.util.Locale;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.TreeMap;

public class CurrencySymbolDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        CurrencySymbolDemo cs = new CurrencySymbolDemo();

        Map<String, String> currencies = cs.getAvailableCurrencies();
        for (String country : currencies.keySet()) {
            String currencyCode = currencies.get(country);
            System.out.println(country + " => " + currencyCode);

     * Get the currencies code from the available locales information.
     * @return a map of currencies code.
    private Map<String, String> getAvailableCurrencies() {
        Locale[] locales = Locale.getAvailableLocales();

        // We use TreeMap so that the order of the data in the map sorted
        // based on the country name.
        Map<String, String> currencies = new TreeMap<>();
        for (Locale locale : locales) {
            try {
            } catch (Exception e) {
                // when the locale is not supported
        return currencies;

You will have something like this printed on the screen:

Honduras => HNL
Hong Kong SAR China => HKD
Hungary => HUF
Iceland => ISK
India => INR
Indonesia => IDR
Iran => IRR
Iraq => IQD
Ireland => EUR
Isle of Man => GBP

How do I change the date format symbols for a specified locale?

package org.kodejava.text;

import java.text.DateFormatSymbols;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.Locale;

public class ChangeDateFormatSymbols {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Locale id = new Locale("in", "ID");
        String pattern = "EEEE, dd MMM yyyy";
        Date today = new Date();

        // Gets formatted date specify by the given pattern for
        // Indonesian Locale no changes for default date format
        // is applied here.
        SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat(pattern, id);
        String before = sdf.format(today);
        System.out.println("Before format change: " + before);

        // Create a DateFormatSymbols object for Indonesian locale.
        DateFormatSymbols dfs = new DateFormatSymbols(id);

        // Gets String array of default format of weekdays.
        String[] days = dfs.getWeekdays();
        String[] newDays = new String[days.length];
        for (int i = 0; i < days.length; i++) {
            // For each day, apply toUpperCase() method to
            // capitalized it.
            newDays[i] = days[i].toUpperCase();

        // Set String array of weekdays.

        // Gets String array of default format of short months.
        String[] shortMonths = dfs.getShortMonths();
        String[] months = new String[shortMonths.length];
        for (int j = 0; j < shortMonths.length; j++) {
            // For each short month, apply toUpperCase() method
            // to capitalized it.
            months[j] = shortMonths[j].toUpperCase();

        // Set String array of short months.

        // Create a SimpleDateFormat object by given pattern and 
        // symbol and then format the date object as String.
        sdf = new SimpleDateFormat(pattern, dfs);
        String after = sdf.format(today);
        System.out.println("After change format : " + after);

Here are the output of our program:

Before format change: Selasa, 19 Okt 2021
After change format : SELASA, 19 OKT 2021

How do I get a formatted date for a specific pattern and locale?

If you want to change formatting styles provided by DateFormat, you can use SimpleDateFormat class. The SimpleDateFormat class is locale-sensitive.

If you instantiate SimpleDateFormat without a Locale parameter, it will format the date and time according to the default Locale. Both the pattern and the Locale determine the format. For the same pattern, SimpleDateFormat may format a date and time differently if the Locale varies.

package org.kodejava.text;

import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.Locale;

public class SimpleDateFormatChangeLocalePattern {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String pattern = "dd-MMM-yyyy";
        Date today = new Date();

        // Gets a formatted date according to the given pattern.
        // Here only the pattern is passed as argument of the
        // SimpleDateFormat constructor, so it will format the
        // date according to the default Locale.
        SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat(pattern);
        String local = sdf.format(today);
        System.out.println("Date in default locale: " + local);

        Locale[] locales = {

        for (Locale locale : locales) {
            // Format a date according to the given pattern for each locale.
            sdf = new SimpleDateFormat(pattern, locale);
            String after = sdf.format(today);
            System.out.println(locale.getDisplayCountry() + " | format: " + after);

Here are the variety of output produces when formatting a date in the same date pattern but varies in Locale

Date in default locale: 19-Oct-2021
Canada | format: 19-Oct.-2021
France | format: 19-oct.-2021
Germany | format: 19-Okt.-2021
United States | format: 19-Oct-2021
Japan | format: 19-10月-2021

How do I get default date and time format for a defined country?

The DateFormat class allows you to format dates and times with predefined styles in a locale-sensitive manner. Formatting dates or times with the DateFormat class is a two-step process.

First, you create a formatter with the getDateInstance() method for formatting date or getTimeInstance() method for formatting time or getDateTimeInstance() when you want formatting both date and time.

Second, you invoke the format method, which returns a String containing the formatted date. The following example formats today’s date and time by calling those two methods.

package org.kodejava.text;

import java.text.DateFormat;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.Locale;

public class LocaleDateTime {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Locale[] locales = {
                Locale.CANADA, Locale.FRANCE, Locale.GERMANY, Locale.US, 

        Date today = new Date();
        for (Locale locale : locales) {
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();

            // Gets a DateFormat instance for the specified locale
            // and format a date object by calling the format method.
            DateFormat df = DateFormat.getDateInstance(DateFormat.DEFAULT, locale);
            String date = df.format(today);
            sb.append("Default date format: ").append(date)

            // Gets a DateFormat instance for the specified locale
            // and format a time information by calling the format method.
            DateFormat tf = DateFormat.getTimeInstance(DateFormat.DEFAULT, locale);
            String time = tf.format(today.getTime());
            sb.append("Default time format: ").append(time)


        // Gets date and time formatted value for Italy locale using
        // To display a date and time in the same String, create the
        // formatter with the getDateTimeInstance method.
        // The first parameter is the date style, and the second is
        // the time style. The third parameter is the Locale
        DateFormat dtf = DateFormat.getDateTimeInstance(DateFormat.DEFAULT,
                DateFormat.DEFAULT, Locale.ITALY);
        String datetime = dtf.format(today);

        System.out.println("date time format in " +
                Locale.ITALY.getDisplayCountry() + ": " + datetime);

Here are the produces output:

Default date format: Oct. 19, 2021
Default time format: 6:11:45 a.m.

Default date format: 19 oct. 2021
Default time format: 06:11:45

Default date format: 19.10.2021
Default time format: 06:11:45

United States
Default date format: Oct 19, 2021
Default time format: 6:11:45 AM

Default date format: 2021/10/19
Default time format: 6:11:45

date time format in Italy: 19 ott 2021, 06:11:45

How do I change the currency symbol?

This example show you how to change the currency symbol for the defined locale using the DecimalFormatSymbols.setCurrencySymbol() method. After changing the currency symbol, the DecimalFormatSymbols instance is passed to the DecimalFormat object which does the formatting.

package org.kodejava.text;

import java.text.DecimalFormat;
import java.text.DecimalFormatSymbols;
import java.text.NumberFormat;
import java.util.Locale;

public class CurrencyFormatSymbols {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        double number = 123456.789;

        Locale[] locales = {
                Locale.CANADA, Locale.GERMANY, Locale.UK, Locale.ITALY, Locale.US

        String[] symbols = {"CAD", "EUR", "GBP", "ITL", "USD"};

        for (int i = 0; i < locales.length; i++) {
            // Gets currency's formatted value for each locale
            // without change the currency symbol
            DecimalFormat formatter =
                    (DecimalFormat) NumberFormat.getCurrencyInstance(locales[i]);
            String before = formatter.format(number);

            // Create a DecimalFormatSymbols for each locale and sets
            // its new currency symbol.
            DecimalFormatSymbols symbol = new DecimalFormatSymbols(locales[i]);

            // Set the new DecimalFormatSymbols into formatter object.

            // Gets the formatted value
            String after = formatter.format(number);
            System.out.println(locales[i].getDisplayCountry() +
                    " | before: " + before + " | after: " + after);

Here is are the result of our program:

Canada | before: $123,456.79 | after: CAD123,456.79
Germany | before: 123.456,79 € | after: 123.456,79 EUR
United Kingdom | before: £123,456.79 | after: GBP123,456.79
Italy | before: € 123.456,79 | after: ITL 123.456,79
United States | before: $123,456.79 | after: USD123,456.79