How do I read file contents to string using Commons IO?

In this example we use FileUtils class from Apache Commons IO to read the content of a file. FileUtils have two static methods called readFileToString(File) and readFileToString(File, String) that we can use.

An example to read file contents and return the result as a string can be seen below.

package org.kodejava.commons.io;

import org.apache.commons.io.FileUtils;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;

public class ReadFileToStringSample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Here we create an instance of File for sample.txt file.
        File file = new File("README.md");

        try {
            // Read the entire contents of sample.txt
            String content = FileUtils.readFileToString(file, "UTF-8");
            System.out.println("File content: " + content);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}                                                                

Maven Dependencies

<!-- https://search.maven.org/remotecontent?filepath=commons-io/commons-io/2.11.0/commons-io-2.11.0.jar -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>commons-io</groupId>
    <artifactId>commons-io</artifactId>
    <version>2.11.0</version>
</dependency>

Maven Central

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