How do I create File object from URL?

The code snippet below use the FileUtils.toFile(URL) method that can be found in the commons-io library to convert a URL into a File. The url protocol should be file or else null will be returned.

package org.kodejava.example.commons.io;

import org.apache.commons.io.FileUtils;

import java.io.File;
import java.net.URL;

public class URLToFileObject {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        // FileUtils.toFile(URL url) convert from URL the File.
        String data = FileUtils.readFileToString(FileUtils.toFile(
                URLToFileObject.class.getResource("/data.txt")));
        System.out.println("data = " + data);

        // Creates a URL with file protocol and convert it into File object.
        File file = FileUtils.toFile(new URL("file://D:/demo.txt"));
        data = FileUtils.readFileToString(file);
        System.out.println("data = " + data);
    }
}

Maven Dependencies

<dependency>
    <groupId>commons-io</groupId>
    <artifactId>commons-io</artifactId>
    <version>2.4</version>
</dependency>

How do I copy a URL into a file?

The code snippet below show you how to use the FileUtils.copyURLToFile(URL, File) method of the Apache Commons IO library to help you to copy the contents of a URL directly into a file.

package org.kodejava.example.commons.io;

import org.apache.commons.io.FileUtils;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.URL;

public class URLToFile {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try {
            URL url = new URL("https://www.google.com");
            File destination = new File("google.html");

            // Copy bytes from the URL to the destination file.
            FileUtils.copyURLToFile(url, destination);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

Maven Dependencies

<dependency>
    <groupId>commons-io</groupId>
    <artifactId>commons-io</artifactId>
    <version>2.4</version>
</dependency>