How do I read text file into JTextArea?

Using the read(Reader in, Object desc) method inherited from the JTextComponent allow us to populate a JTextArea with text content from a file. This example will show you how to do it.

In this example we use an InputStreamReader to read a file from our application resource. You could use other Reader implementation such as the FileReader to read the content of a file. Let’s see the code below.

package org.kodejava.example.swing;

import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;

public class PopulateTextAreaFromFile extends JPanel {
    public PopulateTextAreaFromFile() {
        initialize();
    }

    private void initialize() {
        JTextArea textArea = new JTextArea();
        JScrollPane scrollPane = new JScrollPane(textArea);
        try {
            // Read some text from the resource file to display in
            // the JTextArea.
            textArea.read(new InputStreamReader(
                    getClass().getResourceAsStream("/data.txt")),
                null);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        this.setPreferredSize(new Dimension(500, 200));
        this.setLayout(new BorderLayout());
        this.add(scrollPane, BorderLayout.CENTER);
    }

    public static void showFrame() {
        JPanel panel = new TextAreaInsertText();
        panel.setOpaque(true);

        JFrame frame = new JFrame("Populate JTextArea from File");
        frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(WindowConstants.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
        frame.setContentPane(panel);
        frame.pack();
        frame.setVisible(true);
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SwingUtilities.invokeLater(new Runnable() {
            public void run() {
                PopulateTextAreaFromFile.showFrame();
            }
        });
    }
}

The output of the code snippet above is:

Read Text File into JTextArea

Wayan Saryada

Founder at Kode Java Org
I am a programmer, a runner, a recreational diver, currently live in the island of Bali, Indonesia. Mostly programming in Java, Spring Framework, Hibernate / JPA. You can support my works by donating here. Thank you 🙂.

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