How do I use checked and unchecked exception?

By throwing a checked exception, you force the caller to handle the exception in a catch block. If a method throws a checked exception, it must declare that it throw the exception in the method declaration.

All exceptions are checked exceptions, except for those indicated by java.lang.Error, java.lang.RuntimeException, and their subclasses.

Runtime exception are exceptional conditions that are internal to the application, and that the application usually cannot anticipate or recover from. Runtime exceptions are those indicated by java.lang.RuntimeException and its subclasses.

RuntimeException are known as unchecked exception. It doesn’t require to declare the unchecked exception in the method declaration.

package org.kodejava.basic;


public class ExceptionExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // You must catch the checked exception otherwise you get a
        // compile time error.
        try {
        } catch (IOException e) {

        // The unchecked exception doesn't requires you to catch
        // it and it doesn't produce a compile time error.

     * This method throws a Checked Exception, so it must declare the
     * Exception in its method declaration
     * @param fileName given file name
     * @throws IOException when the file size is to large.

    public static void checkFileSize(String fileName) throws IOException {
        File file = new File(fileName);
        if (file.length() > Integer.MAX_VALUE) {
            throw new IOException("File is too large.");

     * This method throws a RuntimeException.
     * There is no need to declare the Exception in method declaration
     * @return a division result.
     * @throws ArithmeticException when arithmetic exception occurs.
    public static int divide() throws ArithmeticException {
        int x = 1, y = 0;
        return x / y;

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