How do I create custom exception class?

You can define your own exception class for your application specific purposes. The exception class is created by extending the java.lang.Exception class for checked exception or java.lang.RuntimeException for unchecked exception. By creating your own Exception classes, you could identify the problem more precisely.

package org.kodejava.example.fundamental;

public class CustomExceptionExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        int x = 1, y = 0;

        try {
            int z = CustomExceptionExample.divide(x, y);
            System.out.println("z = " + z);
        } catch (DivideByZeroException e) {

    public static int divide(int x, int y) throws DivideByZeroException {
        try {
            return (x / y);
        } catch (ArithmeticException e) {
            String m = x + " / " + y + ", trying to divide by zero";
            throw new DivideByZeroException(m, e);
class DivideByZeroException extends Exception {
    DivideByZeroException() {

    DivideByZeroException(String message) {

    DivideByZeroException(String message, Throwable cause) {
        super(message, cause);

Wayan Saryada

Founder at Kode Java Org
I am a programmer, a runner, a recreational diver, currently live in the island of Bali, Indonesia. Mostly programming in Java, Spring Framework, Hibernate / JPA. You can support my works by donating here. Thank you šŸ„³

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.