How do I set and get the contents of JTextArea?

To set and get the contents of JTextArea you can use the setText(String text) and getText() methods. In the code below we create a JTextArea and sets its contents after we create a new instance of JTextArea. To get the contents we use the action on a button. When the button is pressed the contents of the JTextArea is read using the getText() method. This method return a String object.

package org.kodejava.example.swing;

import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;
import java.awt.event.ActionListener;

public class TextAreaGetContent extends JPanel {
    public TextAreaGetContent() {

    private void initializeUI() {
        this.setLayout(new BorderLayout());
        this.setPreferredSize(new Dimension(400, 200));

        final JTextArea textArea = new JTextArea();
        // Set the contents of the JTextArea.
        String text = "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.";

        JScrollPane pane = new JScrollPane(textArea);
        pane.setPreferredSize(new Dimension(400, 200));

        JButton button = new JButton("Get Contents");
        button.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
                // Get the contents of the JTextArea component.
                String contents = textArea.getText();
                System.out.println("contents = " + contents);

        this.add(pane, BorderLayout.CENTER);
        this.add(button, BorderLayout.SOUTH);

    public static void showFrame() {
        JPanel panel = new TextAreaGetContent();

        JFrame frame = new JFrame("JTextArea Demo");

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SwingUtilities.invokeLater(new Runnable() {
            public void run() {
Wayan Saryada

Wayan Saryada

A programmer, runner, recreational diver, currently living in the island of Bali, Indonesia. Mostly programming in Java, creating web based application with Spring Framework, JPA, etc. If you need help on Java programming you can hire me on Fiverr.
Wayan Saryada

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