How do I replace text in the JTextArea?

In this example you’ll see how to use the replaceRange(String str, int start, int end) method to replace a string in the JTextArea from the start position to the end position with the specified string.

package org.kodejava.example.swing;

import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;

public class TextAreaReplaceText extends JPanel {
    public TextAreaReplaceText() {
        initializeUI();
    }

    private void initializeUI() {
        String text = "The quick white fox jumps over the sleepy dog.";

        JTextArea textArea = new JTextArea(text);
        textArea.setLineWrap(true);
        textArea.setWrapStyleWord(true);
        JScrollPane scrollPane = new JScrollPane(textArea);

        textArea.replaceRange("brown", 10, 15);
        textArea.replaceRange("lazy", 35, 41);

        this.setPreferredSize(new Dimension(500, 200));
        this.setLayout(new BorderLayout());
        this.add(scrollPane, BorderLayout.CENTER);
    }

    public static void showFrame() {
        JPanel panel = new TextAreaReplaceText();
        panel.setOpaque(true);

        JFrame frame = new JFrame("JTextArea Demo");
        frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(WindowConstants.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
        frame.setContentPane(panel);
        frame.pack();
        frame.setVisible(true);
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SwingUtilities.invokeLater(new Runnable() {
            public void run() {
                TextAreaReplaceText.showFrame();
            }
        });
    }
}

The screenshot of the code snippet above is:

JTextArea Replace Text Demo

How do I set and get the contents of JTextArea?

To set and get the contents of a JTextArea you can use the setText(String text) and getText() methods. In the code below we create a JTextArea and sets its contents after we create a new instance of JTextArea. To get the contents we use the action on a button. When the button is pressed the contents of the JTextArea is read using the getText() method. This method return a String object.

package org.kodejava.example.swing;

import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;
import java.awt.event.ActionListener;

public class TextAreaGetContent extends JPanel {
    public TextAreaGetContent() {
        initializeUI();
    }

    private void initializeUI() {
        this.setLayout(new BorderLayout());
        this.setPreferredSize(new Dimension(500, 200));

        final JTextArea textArea = new JTextArea();

        // Set the contents of the JTextArea.
        String text = "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.";
        textArea.setText(text);
        textArea.setLineWrap(true);
        textArea.setWrapStyleWord(true);

        JScrollPane pane = new JScrollPane(textArea);
        pane.setPreferredSize(new Dimension(500, 200));
        pane.setVerticalScrollBarPolicy(
            JScrollPane.VERTICAL_SCROLLBAR_ALWAYS);

        JButton button = new JButton("Get Contents");
        button.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
                // Get the contents of the JTextArea component.
                String contents = textArea.getText();
                System.out.println("contents = " + contents);
            }
        });

        this.add(pane, BorderLayout.CENTER);
        this.add(button, BorderLayout.SOUTH);
    }

    public static void showFrame() {
        JPanel panel = new TextAreaGetContent();
        panel.setOpaque(true);

        JFrame frame = new JFrame("JTextArea Demo");
        frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(WindowConstants.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
        frame.setContentPane(panel);
        frame.pack();
        frame.setVisible(true);
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SwingUtilities.invokeLater(new Runnable() {
            public void run() {
                TextAreaGetContent.showFrame();
            }
        });
    }
}

The output of the code snippet above is:

Set and Get the Content of JTextArea