How do I define a field in enum type?

As we know that Java enumeration type is powerful compared to enum implementation in other programming language. Basically enum is class typed, so it can have constructors, methods and fields.

In the example below you’ll see how a field is defined in an enumeration type. Because each constant value for the Fruit enum is a type of Fruit itself it will have its own price field. The price field holds a unique value for each constant such as APPLE, ORANGE, etc.

In the result you’ll see that the constructor will be called for each constant value and initialize it with the value passed to the constructor.

package org.kodejava.basic;

enum Fruit {
    APPLE(1.5f), ORANGE(2), MANGO(3.5f), GRAPE(5);

    private final float price;

    Fruit(float price) {
        System.out.println("Name: " + + " initialized.");
        this.price = price;

    public float getPrice() {
        return this.price;

public class EnumFieldDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Get the name and price of all enum constant value.
        for (Fruit fruit : Fruit.values()) {
            System.out.printf("Fruit = %s; Price = %5.2f%n",
          , fruit.getPrice());

Our demo result is below:

Name: APPLE initialized.
Name: ORANGE initialized.
Name: MANGO initialized.
Name: GRAPE initialized.
Fruit = APPLE; Price =  1.50
Fruit = ORANGE; Price =  2.00
Fruit = MANGO; Price =  3.50
Fruit = GRAPE; Price =  5.00

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.