How do I use ChronoUnit enumeration?

ChronoUnit is an enumeration that provides static constants representing the units of time in the date-time API in Java. These constants include DAYS, HOURS, SECONDS, etc., that are often used to measure a quantity of time with respect to the specifics of a calendar system.

Here’s an example of how you can use the ChronoUnit enumeration:

package org.kodejava.datetime;

import java.time.LocalDateTime;
import java.time.temporal.ChronoUnit;

public class ChronoUnitExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        LocalDateTime now =;

        LocalDateTime tenDaysLater =, ChronoUnit.DAYS);
        System.out.println("Date 10 days from now: " + tenDaysLater);

        LocalDateTime twoHoursLater =, ChronoUnit.HOURS);
        System.out.println("Time 2 hours from now: " + twoHoursLater);


Date 10 days from now: 2024-01-27T21:24:22.397516900
Time 2 hours from now: 2024-01-17T23:24:22.397516900

In this sample, we use the plus method of LocalDateTime that takes two parameters: a long amount to add and a TemporalUnit. We pass to it a constant from ChronoUnit.

We can also measure the difference between two date-time objects, like so:

package org.kodejava.datetime;

import java.time.LocalTime;
import java.time.temporal.ChronoUnit;

public class DateTimeDiff {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        LocalTime start = LocalTime.of(14, 30);
        LocalTime end = LocalTime.of(16, 30);

        long elapsedMinutes = ChronoUnit.MINUTES.between(start, end);
        System.out.println("Elapsed minutes: " + elapsedMinutes);


Elapsed minutes: 120

In the above example, the between method from ChronoUnit was used to calculate the difference in minutes between start and end times.

How do I create a java.util.Hashtable and iterates its contents?

The code snippet shows you how to create and instance of Hashtable that stores Integer values using a String keys. After that we iterate the elements of the Hashtable using the Enumeration interface.

package org.kodejava.util;

import java.util.Enumeration;
import java.util.Hashtable;

public class HashtableDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Creates an instance of Hashtable
        Hashtable<String, Integer> numbers = new Hashtable<>();
        numbers.put("one", 1);
        numbers.put("two", 2);
        numbers.put("three", 3);

        // Returns an enumeration of the keys in this Hashtable
        Enumeration<String> keys = numbers.keys();
        while (keys.hasMoreElements()) {
            // Returns the next element of this enumeration if this
            // enumeration object has at least one more element to
            // provide
            String key = keys.nextElement();
            System.out.printf("Key: %s, Value: %d%n", key, numbers.get(key));

How do I read java.util.Vector object using java.util.Enumeration?

The following code snippets show you how to iterate and read java.util.Vector elements using the java.util.Enumeration.

package org.kodejava.util;

import java.util.Enumeration;
import java.util.Vector;

public class VectorEnumeration {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Vector<String> data = new Vector<>();

        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder("Data: ");

        // Iterates vector object to read it elements
        for (Enumeration<String> enumeration = data.elements();
             enumeration.hasMoreElements(); ) {

        // Delete the last ","
        sb.deleteCharAt(sb.length() - 1);

How do I sort an java.util.Enumeration?

In this code snippet you will see how to sort the content of an Enumeration object. We start by creating a random numbers and stored it in a Vector. We use these numbers and create a Enumeration object by calling Vector‘s elements() method. We convert it to java.util.List and then sort the content of the List using Collections.sort() method. Here is the complete code snippet.

package org.kodejava.util;

import java.util.*;

public class EnumerationSort {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Creates random data for sorting source. Will use java.util.Vector
        // to store the random integer generated.
        Random random = new Random();
        Vector<Integer> data = new Vector<>();
        for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {

        // Get the enumeration from the vector object and convert it into
        // a java.util.List. Finally, we sort the list using
        // Collections.sort() method.
        Enumeration<Integer> enumeration = data.elements();
        List<Integer> list = Collections.list(enumeration);

        // Prints out all generated number after sorted.
        for (Integer number : list) {
            System.out.println("Number = " + number);

An example result of the code above is:

Number = 20742427
Number = 163885840
Number = 204704456
Number = 560032429
Number = 601762809
Number = 1300593322
Number = 1371678147
Number = 1786580321
Number = 1786731301
Number = 1856215303

How do I get name of enum constant?

This example demonstrate how to user enum‘s name() method to get enum constant name exactly as declared in the enum declaration.

package org.kodejava.basic;

enum ProcessStatus {

    public String toString() {
        return "Process Status: " +;

public class EnumNameDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        for (ProcessStatus processStatus : ProcessStatus.values()) {
            // Gets the name of this enum constant, exactly as
            // declared in its enum declaration.

            // Here we call to our implementation of the toString
            // method to get a more friendly message of the
            // enum constant name.

Our program result:

Process Status: IDLE
Process Status: RUNNING
Process Status: FAILED
Process Status: DONE