How do I convert array into JSON?

In the example below you can see how to convert an array into JSON string. We serialize the array to JSON using the Gson.toJson() method. To deserialize a string of JSON into array we use the Gson.fromJson() method.

package org.kodejava.example.google.gson;

import com.google.gson.Gson;

public class ArrayToJson {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        int[] numbers = {1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13};
        String[] days = {"Sun", "Mon", "Tue", "Wed", "Thu", "Fri", "Sat"};

        // Create a new instance of Gson
        Gson gson = new Gson();

        // Convert numbers array into JSON string.
        String numbersJson = gson.toJson(numbers);

        // Convert strings array into JSON string
        String daysJson = gson.toJson(days);
        System.out.println("numbersJson = " + numbersJson);
        System.out.println("daysJson = " + daysJson);

        // Convert from JSON string to a primitive array of int.
        int[] fibonacci = gson.fromJson(numbersJson, int[].class);
        for (int number : fibonacci) {
            System.out.print(number + " ");
        }
        System.out.println("");

        // Convert from JSON string to a string array.
        String[] weekDays = gson.fromJson(daysJson, String[].class);
        for (String weekDay : weekDays) {
            System.out.print(weekDay + " ");
        }
        System.out.println("");

        // Converting multidimensional array into JSON
        int[][] data = {{1, 2, 3}, {3, 4, 5}, {4, 5, 6}};
        String json = gson.toJson(data);
        System.out.println("Data = " + json);

        // Convert JSON string into multidimensional array of int.
        int[][] dataMap = gson.fromJson(json, int[][].class);
        for (int[] i : dataMap) {
            for (int j : i) {
                System.out.print(j + " ");
            }
            System.out.println("");
        }
    }
}

Here is our code result:

numbersJson = [1,1,2,3,5,8,13]
daysJson = ["Sun","Mon","Tue","Wed","Thu","Fri","Sat"]
1 1 2 3 5 8 13 
Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 
Data = [[1,2,3],[3,4,5],[4,5,6]]
1 2 3 
3 4 5 
4 5 6

Maven Dependencies

<!-- http://repo1.maven.org/maven2/com/google/code/gson/gson/2.8.0/gson-2.8.0.jar -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.google.code.gson</groupId>
    <artifactId>gson</artifactId>
    <version>2.8.0</version>
</dependency>

Wayan Saryada

Founder at Kode Java Org
I am a programmer, a runner, a recreational diver, currently live in the island of Bali, Indonesia. Mostly programming in Java, Spring Framework, Hibernate / JPA. You can support my works by donating here. Thank you 🙂.

2 Comments

    • Hi Leonardo,

      To convert JSON to Array using Jackson library you can do the following:

      String jsonArray = "[{\"title\":\"Java in Action\"}, {\"title\":\"Spring in Action\"}]";
      
      ObjectMapper objectMapper = new ObjectMapper();
      try {
          Book[] books = objectMapper.readValue(jsonArray, Book[].class);
          for (Book book : books) {
              System.out.println(book);
          }
      } catch (IOException e) {
          e.printStackTrace();
      }
      

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