How to implement queue using the DelayQueue?

The java.util.concurrent.DelayQueue class in an implementation of the BlockingQueue interface. Elements added to the queue must implement the java.util.concurrent.Delayed interface.

The queue is unbound in size, enabling adds to return immediately, we can only take an element from the queue when the delay time has expired. If multiple elements have expired delays, the element with the longest delay expiration will be taken first.

package org.kodejava.example.util.concurrent;

import java.util.Random;
import java.util.UUID;
import java.util.concurrent.BlockingQueue;
import java.util.concurrent.DelayQueue;

public class DelayQueueExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        //
        // Creates an instance of blocking queue using the DelayQueue.
        //
        final BlockingQueue queue = new DelayQueue<>();
        final Random random = new Random();

        new Thread(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                while (true) {
                    try {
                        //
                        // Put some Delayed object into the Queue.
                        //
                        int delay = random.nextInt(10000);
                        DelayObject object = new DelayObject(
                                UUID.randomUUID().toString(), delay);

                        System.out.printf("Put object = %s%n", object);
                        queue.put(object);
                        Thread.sleep(500);
                    } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }
            }
        }, "Producer Thread").start();

        new Thread(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                while (true) {
                    try {
                        //
                        // Take elements out from the DelayQueue object.
                        //
                        DelayObject object = queue.take();
                        System.out.printf("[%s] - Take object = %s%n",
                                Thread.currentThread().getName(), object);
                        Thread.sleep(1000);
                    } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }
            }
        }, "Consumer Thread-1").start();

        new Thread(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                while (true) {
                    try {
                        //
                        // Take elements out from the DelayQueue object.
                        //
                        DelayObject object = queue.take();
                        System.out.printf("[%s] - Take object = %s%n",
                                Thread.currentThread().getName(), object);
                        Thread.sleep(1000);
                    } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }
            }
        }, "Consumer Thread-2").start();
    }
}

Below is an implementation of the Delayed interface. In the implementation class we have to implement the getDelay(TimeUnit) and the compareTo(Object) methods.

package org.kodejava.example.util.concurrent;

import java.util.concurrent.Delayed;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

public class DelayObject implements Delayed  {
    private String data;
    private long startTime;

    public DelayObject(String data, long delay) {
        this.data = data;
        this.startTime = System.currentTimeMillis() + delay;
    }

    @Override
    public long getDelay(TimeUnit unit) {
        long diff = startTime - System.currentTimeMillis();
        return unit.convert(diff, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);
    }

    @Override
    public int compareTo(Delayed o) {
        if (this.startTime < ((DelayObject) o).startTime) {
            return -1;
        }
        if (this.startTime > ((DelayObject) o).startTime) {
            return 1;
        }
        return 0;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "{" +
                "data='" + data + ''' +
                ", startTime=" + startTime +
                '}';
    }
}

Running this example give you some kind of the following output:

Put object = {data='dfe77bb9-b2b4-41d2-8b32-30b3eadae4d0', startTime=1347895148107}
Put object = {data='8f7881b3-fc0d-4c4d-b7e5-e0c2db126fc6', startTime=1347895142511}
Put object = {data='c8aa530b-38bf-4045-bcfa-5917f04bebab', startTime=1347895143447}
Put object = {data='7cc45157-2f10-4f19-8758-b43b47339fb0', startTime=1347895142971}
Put object = {data='d286bdf0-10d2-4371-8b85-1a830146d500', startTime=1347895150111}
Put object = {data='e1e100e7-4aee-44e2-b41b-92f0e1eacbc1', startTime=1347895145007}
[Consumer Thread-2] - Take object = {data='8f7881b3-fc0d-4c4d-b7e5-e0c2db126fc6', startTime=1347895142511}
Put object = {data='a2bba93c-9a9e-404f-ac57-7429c3ee0798', startTime=1347895149480}
[Consumer Thread-1] - Take object = {data='7cc45157-2f10-4f19-8758-b43b47339fb0', startTime=1347895142971}
Put object = {data='bfb74a00-d93a-43dd-b777-5f563657948a', startTime=1347895144808}
Wayan Saryada

Wayan Saryada

A programmer, runner, recreational diver, currently living in the island of Bali, Indonesia. Mostly programming in Java, creating web based application with Spring Framework, JPA, etc. If you need help on Java programming you can hire me on Fiverr.
Wayan Saryada

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