How do I get the extension of a file?

Below is an example that can be used to get the extension of a file. The code below assume that the extension is the last part of the file name after the last dot symbol. For instance if you have a file named data.txt the extension will be txt, but if you have a file named 2010.tar.gz the extension will be gz.

package org.kodejava.example.io;

import java.io.File;

public class FileExtension {
    public static final String EXT_SEPARATOR = ".";

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        File file = new File("data.txt");
        String ext = FileExtension.getFileExtension(file);
        System.out.println("Ext = " + ext);

        file = new File("C:\Data\Employee\2010.tar.gz");
        ext = FileExtension.getFileExtension(file);
        System.out.println("Ext = " + ext);

        file = new File("/home/wsaryada/kodejava.org/FileDemo.java");
        ext = FileExtension.getFileExtension(file);
        System.out.println("Ext = " + ext);
    }

    /**
     * Get the extension of the specified file.
     * @param file a file.
     * @return the extension of the file.
     */
    public static String getFileExtension(File file) {
        if (file == null) {
            return null;
        }

        String name = file.getName();
        int extIndex = name.lastIndexOf(FileExtension.EXT_SEPARATOR);

        if (extIndex == -1) {
            return "";
        } else {
            return name.substring(extIndex + 1);
        }
    }
}
Wayan Saryada

Wayan Saryada

A programmer, runner, recreational diver, currently living in the island of Bali, Indonesia. Mostly programming in Java, creating web based application with Spring Framework, JPA, etc. If you need help on Java programming you can hire me on Fiverr.
Wayan Saryada

Leave a Reply