How do I define constructor in enum type?

In the following example you’ll see how to add a constructor to an enum type value. Because an enum is just another class type it can have constructors, fields and methods just like any other classes. Below we define a constructor that accept a string value of color code. Because our enum now have a new constructor declared we have to define the constant named value as RED("FF0000"), ORANGE("FFA500"), etc.

In Java enumeration expanded beyond just as a named constants. Because enum is a class type we can add methods, fields and constructors to the enum type as you can see in the example below.

package org.kodejava.basic;

public enum Rainbow {

    private final String colorCode;

    // The constructor of Rainbow enum.
    Rainbow(String colorCode) {
        this.colorCode = colorCode;

     * Get the hex color code.
     * @return hex color code
    public String getColorCode() {
        return colorCode;
package org.kodejava.basic;

public class EnumConstructor {
    public static void main(String[] args) {

        // To get all values of the Rainbow enum we can call the
        // Rainbow.values() method which return an array of
        // Rainbow enum values.
        for (Rainbow color : Rainbow.values()) {
            System.out.println("Color = " + color.getColorCode());

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.