How do I create constructors for a class?

Every class in Java has a constructor. constructor is a method that is use to create an instance or object of the class. Every time you create an instance, you must invoked a constructor.

If you do not create a constructor method of your class, the compiler will build a default one. A default constructors is a constructor that accept no argument.

Things to be noted when you declare a constructor:

  • Constructor must have the same name as the class in which they are declared
  • Constructor can’t have a return type
  • Constructor can have access modifier
  • Constructor can take arguments
  • Constructor can’t be marked static
  • Constructor can’t be marked final or abstract
package org.kodejava.example.fundamental;

public class ConstructorDemo {
    private String arg;
    private int x;
    private int y;

    public ConstructorDemo() {
    }

    public ConstructorDemo(String arg) {
        this.arg = arg;
    }

    public ConstructorDemo(int x) {
        this.x = x;
    }

    public ConstructorDemo(int x, int y) {
        this.y = y;
    }
}

class RunConstructor {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Change the default constructor from private to public in
        // the ConstructorDemo class above then call the statement 
        // below. It will create an instance object cons0 without 
        // any error.
        ConstructorDemo cons0 = new ConstructorDemo();

        // Change the default constructor back to private, then call 
        // the statement below. ConstructorDemo() is not visible 
        // because it declared as private.
        ConstructorDemo cons1 = new ConstructorDemo();

        // invoke Constructor(String arg)
        ConstructorDemo cons2 = new ConstructorDemo("constructor");

        // invoke public Constructor(int x)
        ConstructorDemo cons3 = new ConstructorDemo(1);

        //invoke Constructor(int x, int y)
        ConstructorDemo cons4 = new ConstructorDemo(1, 2);
    }

}

Wayan

Programmer, runner, recreational diver, live in the island of Bali, Indonesia. Mostly programming in Java, Spring Framework, Hibernate / JPA. Support me by donating.

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