How do I create a simple JTable component?

The code snippet presented below shows you how to create a simple JTable component in a swing application. To create a JTable component we initializes it using the constructor that accept two parameters.

The first parameter is the table’s row of data which type is Object[][], a two-dimensional array of Object. The second parameter is the table’s column names which type is Object[], an array of object.

After the JTable instance is created we places it inside a scroll pane component which in turn is added to the frame’s content pane.

package org.kodejava.example.swing;

import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.util.Calendar;
import java.util.Date;

public class SimpleJTableDemo extends JFrame {
    public SimpleJTableDemo() throws HeadlessException {

    private void initializeUI() {
        // Defines table's column names.
        String[] columnNames = {
                "ID", "Name", "Date of Birth", "Sex"
        // Defines table's data.
        Object[][] rowData = {
                {1, "Alice", createDOB(1980, 1, 1), "F"},
                {2, "Bob", createDOB(1982, 6, 21), "M"},
                {3, "Carol", createDOB(1970, 10, 12), "M"},
                {4, "Mallory", createDOB(1988, 2, 19), "M"}

        // Initializes an instance of JTable and specifies the table
        // data and column names. After that we place the table in a
        // scroll pane.
        JTable table = new JTable(rowData, columnNames);
        JScrollPane pane = new JScrollPane(table);

        // Sets the frame setting.
        setTitle("Simple JTable Demo");
        setSize(new Dimension(400, 200));
        setLayout(new BorderLayout());

        getContentPane().add(pane, BorderLayout.CENTER);

    private Date createDOB(int year, int month, int day) {
        Calendar calendar = Calendar.getInstance();
        calendar.set(year, month, day);
        return calendar.getTime();

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SwingUtilities.invokeLater(new Runnable() {
            public void run() {
                new SimpleJTableDemo().setVisible(true);

When we running the program we will see the following result:

Simple JTable Demo

Wayan Saryada

Wayan Saryada

A programmer, runner, recreational diver, currently living in the island of Bali, Indonesia. Mostly programming in Java, creating web based application with Spring Framework, JPA, etc. If you need help on Java programming you can hire me on Fiverr.
Wayan Saryada

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