How do I associate JLabel component with a JTextField?

In this example we associate a JLabel component with JTextField and JPasswordField using the setLabelFor(). A mnemonic need to be set for the JLabel component and when we press the defined key (ALT+U or ALT+P) a text field will be gained focus.

package org.kodejava.example.swing;

import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.KeyEvent;

public class JLabelSetForTextField extends JFrame {
    public JLabelSetForTextField() throws HeadlessException {

    private void initialize() {
        setSize(400, 200);
        setLayout(new FlowLayout(FlowLayout.LEFT));

        JLabel usernameLabel = new JLabel("Username: ");
        JLabel passwordLabel = new JLabel("Password: ");
        JTextField usernameField = new JTextField(20);
        JPasswordField passwordField = new JPasswordField(20);

        // To make the association between the JLabel and JTextField or
        // JPasswordField we need to define the displayed mnemonic and then
        // call JLabel's setLabelFor method.


    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SwingUtilities.invokeLater(new Runnable() {
            public void run() {
                new JLabelSetForTextField().setVisible(true);

Wayan Saryada

Founder at Kode Java Org
I am a programmer, a runner, a recreational diver, currently live in the island of Bali, Indonesia. Mostly programming in Java, Spring Framework, Hibernate / JPA. If these posts help, you can support me, buy me a cup of coffee or tea. Thank you 🥳

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