How do I convert between old Date and Calendar object with the new Java 8 Date Time?

In this example we will learn how to convert the old java.util.Date and java.util.Calendar objects to the new Date Time introduced in Java 8. The first method in the code snippet below dateToNewDate() show conversion of java.util.Date while the calendarToNewDate() show the conversion of java.util.Calendar.

The java.util.Date and java.util.Calendar provide a toInstant() method to convert the objects to the new Date Time API class of the java.time.Instant. To convert the old date into the Java 8 LocalDate, LocalTime and LocalDateTime we first can create an instance of ZonedDateTime using the atZone() method of the Instant class.

ZonedDateTime zonedDateTime = instant.atZone(ZoneId.systemDefault());

From an instance of ZonedDateTime class we can call the toLocalDate(), toLocalTime() and toLocalDateTime() to get instance of LocalDate, LocalTime and LocalDateTime.

To convert back from the new Java 8 date to the old java.util.Date we can use the Date.from() static factory method and passing and instance of java.time.Instant that we can obtains by calling the following code.

Instant instant1 = dateTime.atZone(ZoneId.systemDefault()).toInstant();
Date now1 = Date.from(instant1);

Here are the complete code snippet to convert java.util.Date to the new Java 8 Date Time.

private static void dateToNewDate() {
    Date now = new Date();
    Instant instant = now.toInstant();

    ZonedDateTime zonedDateTime = instant.atZone(ZoneId.systemDefault());

    LocalDate date = zonedDateTime.toLocalDate();
    LocalTime time = zonedDateTime.toLocalTime();
    LocalDateTime dateTime = zonedDateTime.toLocalDateTime();

    Instant instant1 = dateTime.atZone(ZoneId.systemDefault()).toInstant();
    Date now1 = Date.from(instant1);

    System.out.println("java.util.Date          = " + now);
    System.out.println("java.time.LocalDate     = " + date);
    System.out.println("java.time.LocalTime     = " + time);
    System.out.println("java.time.LocalDateTime = " + dateTime);
    System.out.println("java.util.Date          = " + now1);
    System.out.println();
}

The steps for converting from the java.util.Calendar to the new Java 8 date can be seen in the code snippet below. As with java.util.Date the Calendar class provide toInstant() method to convert the calendar to java.time.Instant object.

Using the LocalDateTime.ofInstant() method we can create a LocalDateTime object from the instant object. By having the LocalDateTime object we can then get an instance of LocalDate and LocalTime by calling the toLocalDate() and toLocalTime() method.

Finally to convert back to java.util.Calendar we can use the GregorianCalendar.from() static factory method which require an instance of ZonedDateTime to be passed as a parameter. To get an instance of ZonedDateTime we can call LocalDateTime.atZone() method. You can see the complete code in the code snippet below.

private static void calendarToNewDate() {
    Calendar now = Calendar.getInstance();

    LocalDateTime dateTime = LocalDateTime.ofInstant(now.toInstant(),
            ZoneId.systemDefault());

    LocalDate date = dateTime.toLocalDate();
    LocalTime time = dateTime.toLocalTime();

    ZonedDateTime zonedDateTime = dateTime.atZone(ZoneId.systemDefault());
    Calendar now1 = GregorianCalendar.from(zonedDateTime);

    System.out.println("java.util.Calendar      = " + now);
    System.out.println("java.time.LocalDateTime = " + dateTime);
    System.out.println("java.time.LocalDate     = " + date);
    System.out.println("java.time.LocalTime     = " + time);
    System.out.println("java.util.Calendar      = " + now1);
}

Below is the main Java class to run the code snippet. You must place the above methods inside this class to run the code snippet.

package org.kodejava.example.datetime;

import java.time.*;
import java.util.Calendar;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.GregorianCalendar;

public class LegacyDateCalendarToNewDateExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        dateToNewDate();
        calendarToNewDate();
    }
}

Here are the result of the code snippet above. The first group is conversion the java.util.Date to the new Date Time API. The second group is conversion from the java.util.Calendar to the new Date Time API.

java.util.Date          = Mon Feb 01 11:09:55 WITA 2016
java.time.LocalDate     = 2016-02-01
java.time.LocalTime     = 11:09:55.746
java.time.LocalDateTime = 2016-02-01T11:09:55.746
java.util.Date          = Mon Feb 01 11:09:55 WITA 2016

java.util.Calendar      = java.util.GregorianCalendar[time=1454296195871,areFieldsSet=true,areAllFieldsSet=true,lenient=true,zone=sun.util.calendar.ZoneInfo[id="Asia/Makassar",offset=28800000,dstSavings=0,useDaylight=false,transitions=5,lastRule=null],firstDayOfWeek=1,minimalDaysInFirstWeek=1,ERA=1,YEAR=2016,MONTH=1,WEEK_OF_YEAR=6,WEEK_OF_MONTH=1,DAY_OF_MONTH=1,DAY_OF_YEAR=32,DAY_OF_WEEK=2,DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH=1,AM_PM=0,HOUR=11,HOUR_OF_DAY=11,MINUTE=9,SECOND=55,MILLISECOND=871,ZONE_OFFSET=28800000,DST_OFFSET=0]
java.time.LocalDateTime = 2016-02-01T11:09:55.871
java.time.LocalDate     = 2016-02-01
java.time.LocalTime     = 11:09:55.871
java.util.Calendar      = java.util.GregorianCalendar[time=1454296195871,areFieldsSet=true,areAllFieldsSet=true,lenient=true,zone=sun.util.calendar.ZoneInfo[id="Asia/Makassar",offset=28800000,dstSavings=0,useDaylight=false,transitions=5,lastRule=null],firstDayOfWeek=2,minimalDaysInFirstWeek=4,ERA=1,YEAR=2016,MONTH=1,WEEK_OF_YEAR=5,WEEK_OF_MONTH=1,DAY_OF_MONTH=1,DAY_OF_YEAR=32,DAY_OF_WEEK=2,DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH=1,AM_PM=0,HOUR=11,HOUR_OF_DAY=11,MINUTE=9,SECOND=55,MILLISECOND=871,ZONE_OFFSET=28800000,DST_OFFSET=0]

How do I count number of weekday between two dates?

The code below helps you to find the number of a specified weekday (Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, etc) between two dates. The solution we used below is to loop between the two dates and check if the weekday of those dates are equals to the day we want to count.

package org.kodejava.example.util;

import java.util.Calendar;

public class DaysBetweenDate {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Month value in Java is 0-based so 11 means December.
        Calendar start = Calendar.getInstance();
        start.set(2017, 11, 1);
        Calendar end = Calendar.getInstance();
        end.set(2017, 11, 31);

        System.out.print("Number Monday between " +
            start.getTime() + " and " + end.getTime() + " are: ");

        int numberOfDays = 0;
        int monday = Calendar.MONDAY;

        while (start.before(end)) {
            if (start.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_WEEK) == monday) {
                numberOfDays++;
                start.add(Calendar.DATE, 7);
            } else {
                start.add(Calendar.DATE, 1);
            }
        }

        System.out.println(numberOfDays);
    }
}

The result of our program is:

Number Monday between Fri Dec 01 15:57:12 CST 2017 and Sun Dec 31 15:57:12 CST 2017 are: 4

How do I add hours, minutes or seconds to a date?

This example shows you how to add or subtract hours, minutes or seconds to a date using the java.util.Calendar object.

package org.kodejava.example.util;

import java.util.Calendar;

public class DateAddSubtract {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Gets a calendar using the default time zone and locale. The
        // Calendar returned is based on the current time in the default
        // time zone with the default locale.
        Calendar calendar = Calendar.getInstance();
        System.out.println("Original = " + calendar.getTime());

        // Substract 2 hour from the current time
        calendar.add(Calendar.HOUR, -2);

        // Add 30 minutes to the calendar time
        calendar.add(Calendar.MINUTE, 30);

        // Add 300 seconds to the calendar time
        calendar.add(Calendar.SECOND, 300);
        System.out.println("Updated  = " + calendar.getTime());
    }
}

The output of the code snippet:

Original = Tue Oct 31 09:31:34 CST 2017
Updated  = Tue Oct 31 08:06:34 CST 2017

How do I know if a date is after another date?

This example demonstrate Date‘s class after() method to check if a date is later than another date.

package org.kodejava.example.util;

import java.util.Date;
import java.util.Calendar;

public class DateCompareAfter {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Get current date
        Date today = new Date();

        // Add 1 day from the current date.
        Calendar calendar = Calendar.getInstance();
        calendar.add(Calendar.DATE, 1);
        Date tomorrow = calendar.getTime();

        // Tests if this date is after the specified date. This method will
        // return true if the value time represented by the tomorrow object
        // is later than today.
        if (tomorrow.after(today)) {
            System.out.println(tomorrow + " is after " + today);
        }
    }
}

The result of the code snippet above is:

Mon Oct 30 21:20:24 WITA 2017 is after Sun Oct 29 21:20:24 WITA 2017

How do I know if a date is before another date?

This example demonstrate Date‘s class before() method to check if a date is earlier than another date.

package org.kodejava.example.util;

import java.util.Date;
import java.util.Calendar;

public class DateCompareBefore {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Get current date
        Date today = new Date();

        // Subtract 1 day from the current date.
        Calendar calendar = Calendar.getInstance();
        calendar.add(Calendar.DATE, -1);
        Date yesterday = calendar.getTime();

        // Tests if this date is before the specified date. This method will
        // return true if the value time represented by the yesterday object
        // is earlier than today.
        if (yesterday.before(today)) {
            System.out.println(yesterday + " is before " + today);
        }
    }
}

The result of the code snippet above is:

Sat Oct 28 21:16:33 WITA 2017 is before Sun Oct 29 21:16:33 WITA 2017

How do I compare two dates?

In this example you’ll see the utilization of SimpleDateFormat class for comparing two dates for equality. We convert the date object into string using the DateFormat instance and then compare it using String.equals() method.

package org.kodejava.example.util;

import java.text.DateFormat;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Calendar;
import java.util.Date;

public class ComparingDate {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Create a SimpleDateFormat instance with dd/MM/yyyy format
        DateFormat df = new SimpleDateFormat("dd/MM/yyyy");

        // Get the current date
        Date today = new Date();

        // Create an instance of calendar that represents a new year date
        Calendar calendar = Calendar.getInstance();
        calendar.set(Calendar.DATE, 1);
        calendar.set(Calendar.MONTH, Calendar.JANUARY);
        calendar.set(Calendar.YEAR, 2017);

        String now = df.format(today);
        String newYear = df.format(calendar.getTime());

        // Using the string equals method we can compare the date.
        if (now.equals(newYear)) {
            System.out.println("Happy New Year!");
        } else {
            System.out.println("Have a nice day!");
        }
    }
}

How do I convert milliseconds value to date?

package org.kodejava.example.util;

import java.text.DateFormat;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Calendar;

public class MillisecondsToDate {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Create a DateFormatter object for displaying date information.
        DateFormat formatter = new SimpleDateFormat("dd/MM/yyyy hh:mm:ss.SSS");

        // Get date and time information in milliseconds
        long now = System.currentTimeMillis();

        // Create a calendar object that will convert the date and time value
        // in milliseconds to date. We use the setTimeInMillis() method of the
        // Calendar object.
        Calendar calendar = Calendar.getInstance();
        calendar.setTimeInMillis(now);

        System.out.println(now + " = " + formatter.format(calendar.getTime()));
    }
}

How do I convert time between timezone?

package org.kodejava.example.util;

import java.util.Calendar;
import java.util.GregorianCalendar;
import java.util.TimeZone;

public class TimeZoneExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Create a calendar object and set it time based on the local
        // time zone
        Calendar localTime = Calendar.getInstance();
        localTime.set(Calendar.HOUR, 17);
        localTime.set(Calendar.MINUTE, 15);
        localTime.set(Calendar.SECOND, 20);

        int hour = localTime.get(Calendar.HOUR);
        int minute = localTime.get(Calendar.MINUTE);
        int second = localTime.get(Calendar.SECOND);

        // Print the local time
        System.out.printf("Local time  : %02d:%02d:%02dn", hour, minute, second);

        // Create a calendar object for representing a Germany time zone. Then we
        // wet the time of the calendar with the value of the local time
        Calendar germanyTime = new GregorianCalendar(TimeZone.getTimeZone("Germany"));
        germanyTime.setTimeInMillis(localTime.getTimeInMillis());
        hour = germanyTime.get(Calendar.HOUR);
        minute = germanyTime.get(Calendar.MINUTE);
        second = germanyTime.get(Calendar.SECOND);

        // Print the local time in Germany time zone
        System.out.printf("Germany time: %02d:%02d:%02dn", hour, minute, second);
    }
}

How do I get the last day of a month?

package org.kodejava.example.util;

import java.text.DateFormatSymbols;
import java.util.Calendar;

public class LastDayOfMonth {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Get a calendar instance
        Calendar calendar = Calendar.getInstance();

        // Get the last date of the current month. To get the last date for a
        // specific month you can set the calendar month using calendar object
        // calendar.set(Calendar.MONTH, theMonth) method.
        int lastDate = calendar.getActualMaximum(Calendar.DATE);

        // Set the calendar date to the last date of the month so then we can
        // get the last day of the month
        calendar.set(Calendar.DATE, lastDate);
        int lastDay = calendar.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_WEEK);

        // Print the current date and the last date of the month
        System.out.println("Last Date: " + calendar.getTime());

        // The lastDay will be in a value from 1 to 7 where 1 = Sunday and 7 =
        // Saturday. The first day of the week is based on the locale.
        System.out.println("Last Day : " + lastDay);

        // Get weekday name
        DateFormatSymbols dfs = new DateFormatSymbols();
        System.out.println("Last Day : " + dfs.getWeekdays()[lastDay]);
    }
}

Here is the output of the code snippet above:

Last Date: Tue Oct 31 11:05:12 WITA 2017
Last Day : 3
Last Day : Tuesday

How do I get the last date of a month?

You want to know what is the last date for a current month. The code below show you how to get it.

package org.kodejava.example.util;

import java.util.Calendar;

public class LastDateOfMonth {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Get a calendar instance
        Calendar calendar = Calendar.getInstance();

        // Get the last date of the current month. To get the last date for 
        // a specific month you can set the calendar month using calendar 
        // object calendar.set(Calendar.MONTH, theMonth) method.
        int lastDate = calendar.getActualMaximum(Calendar.DATE);

        // Print the current date and the last date of the month
        System.out.println("Date     : " + calendar.getTime());
        System.out.println("Last Date: " + lastDate);
    }
}

Here is the result of the code snippet:

Date     : Tue Oct 10 14:34:38 WITA 2017
Last Date: 31