How to automatically close resources in JDBC?

One thing that we need to do manually when programming using JDBC is to make sure to close all the resources that we use. All resources including the ResultSet, Statement and Connection must be closed. This usually will produce a lot of boiler plate code in our program.

Starting from JDBC 4.1 which is a part of Java 7 we can use the try-with-resources statement to automatically manage the resources that we use. This try statement closes the resources used when the block finishes its execution either normally or abruptly.

Here is an example that show us how to use the try-with-resources statement.

package org.kodejava.example.jdbc;

import java.sql.*;

public class TryWithResourceJdbc {
    private static final String URL = "jdbc:mysql://localhost/kodejava";
    private static final String USERNAME = "root";
    private static final String PASSWORD = "";

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try (Connection conn =
                 DriverManager.getConnection(URL, USERNAME, PASSWORD);
             Statement stmt = conn.createStatement();
             ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery("SELECT * FROM products")) {

            while (rs.next()) {
                String code = rs.getString("code");
                String name = rs.getString("name");

                System.out.println("Code: " + code + "; Name: " + name);
            }
        } catch (SQLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

Maven dependencies

<!-- https://search.maven.org/remotecontent?filepath=mysql/mysql-connector-java/8.0.17/mysql-connector-java-8.0.17.jar -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>mysql</groupId>
    <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
    <version>8.0.17</version>
</dependency>

Maven Central

Wayan

Founder at Kode Java Org
I am a programmer, a runner, a recreational diver, currently live in the island of Bali, Indonesia. Mostly programming in Java, Spring Framework, Hibernate / JPA. If this post help, you can buy me a coffee or tea. Thank you 🥳

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