How do I send email using Gmail via SSL?

In another example you’ve seen how to send email using Gmail SMTP via TLS. See the following example How do I send email using Gmail via TLS?

In this example you will use the SSL connection to connect to Gmail SMTP server. The difference with is in the properties / configuration that we use to create the mail session object.

package org.kodejava.example.mail;

import javax.mail.*;
import javax.mail.internet.InternetAddress;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.Properties;

public class SendEmailGmailSSL {
    public static final String USERNAME = "kodejava";
    public static final String PASSWORD = "password";

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        //
        // Email information such as from, to, subject and contents.
        //
        String mailFrom = "[email protected]";
        String mailTo = "[email protected]";
        String mailSubject = "SSL - Gmail Send Email Demo";
        String mailText = "SSL - Gmail Send Email Demo";

        SendEmailGmailSSL gmail = new SendEmailGmailSSL();
        gmail.sendMail(mailFrom, mailTo, mailSubject, mailText);
    }

    private void sendMail(String mailFrom, String mailTo,
                          String mailSubject, String mailText)
            throws Exception {

        Properties config = createConfiguration();

        //
        // Creates a mail session. We need to supply username and
        // password for Gmail authentication.
        //
        Session session = Session.getInstance(config, new Authenticator() {
            @Override
            protected PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() {
                return new PasswordAuthentication(
                        SendEmailGmailSSL.USERNAME,
                        SendEmailGmailSSL.PASSWORD
                );
            }
        });

        //
        // Creates email message
        //
        Message message = new MimeMessage(session);
        message.setSentDate(new Date());
        message.setFrom(new InternetAddress(mailFrom));
        message.setRecipient(Message.RecipientType.TO, new InternetAddress(mailTo));
        message.setSubject(mailSubject);
        message.setText(mailText);

        //
        // Send a message
        //
        Transport.send(message);
    }

    private Properties createConfiguration() {
        return new Properties() {{
            put("mail.smtp.host", "smtp.gmail.com");
            put("mail.smtp.auth", "true");
            put("mail.smtp.port", "465");
            put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.port", "465");
            put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.class", "javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory");
        }};
    }
}

There is a chance that you can get an error that tell you cannot connect to the smtp.gmail.com port 465. If this is the case please check your connection to the server using telnet command. The command is telnet smtp.gmail.com 465, and see if there is a reply.

Wayan Saryada

Wayan Saryada

A programmer, runner, recreational diver, currently living in the island of Bali, Indonesia. Mostly programming in Java, creating web based application with Spring Framework, JPA, etc. If you need help on Java programming you can hire me on Fiverr.
Wayan Saryada

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