How do I send email using Gmail via SSL?

In another example you’ve seen how to send email using Gmail SMTP via TLS. See the following example How do I send email using Gmail via TLS?.

In this example you will use the SSL connection to connect to Gmail SMTP server. The difference with this is in the properties / configuration that we used to create the mail session object.

package org.kodejava.mail;

import javax.mail.*;
import javax.mail.internet.InternetAddress;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.Properties;

public class GmailSendEmailSSL {
    private static final String USERNAME = "";
    private static final String PASSWORD = "password";

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        // Email information such as from, to, subject and contents.
        String mailFrom = "";
        String mailTo = "";
        String mailSubject = "SSL - Gmail Send Email Demo";
        String mailText = "SSL - Gmail Send Email Demo";

        GmailSendEmailSSL gmail = new GmailSendEmailSSL();
        gmail.sendMail(mailFrom, mailTo, mailSubject, mailText);

    private void sendMail(String mailFrom, String mailTo, String mailSubject,
                          String mailText) throws Exception {

        Properties config = createConfiguration();

        // Creates a mail session. We need to supply username and
        // password for Gmail authentication.
        Session session = Session.getInstance(config, new Authenticator() {
            protected PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() {
                return new PasswordAuthentication(

        // Creates email message
        Message message = new MimeMessage(session);
        message.setSentDate(new Date());
        message.setFrom(new InternetAddress(mailFrom));
        message.setRecipient(Message.RecipientType.TO, new InternetAddress(mailTo));

        // Send a message

    private Properties createConfiguration() {
        return new Properties() {{
            put("", "");
            put("mail.smtp.auth", "true");
            put("mail.smtp.port", "465");
            put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.port", "465");
            put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.class", "");
            put("mail.smtp.ssl.protocols", "TLSv1.2");

There is a chance that you can get an error that tell you cannot connect to the port 465. If this is the case please check your connection to the server using telnet command. The command is telnet 465, and see if there is a reply.

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  1. Hi Wayan,

    I used the same code in my project but I always get an error as

    javax.mail.MessagingException: Could not connect to SMTP host:, port: 465, response: -1

    I tried to telnet 465, but there is no reply. Is there any solution for the same?


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