How do I filter collection members based on some criteria using Spring EL?

In some of the previous example you have seen that we use the square-braces [] operator to select items from collection. In this blog post you will learn how to filter some members of a collection with a certain criteria while using the Spring EL. To do this Spring EL give you another special operator, the filter operator which can be typed like .?[]. Where you can define the filter criteria inside the braces.

Beside the filter operator .?[]> there are also operator that can select the first and the last matching items from collection. You can use the .^[] for selecting the first match and the .$[] operator to select the last match items from collection respectively.

As an example we will demonstrate here that we want to find a collection of books that have pages more than 250 and assign it to Library bean’s books properties. So let’s begin by defining a class called Book and Library which will have the following properties:

package org.kodejava.example.spring.el;

public class Book {
    private Long id;
    private String title;
    private String author;
    private String type;
    private int pages;

    // Getters & Setters

    public String toString() {
        return "Book{" +
            "title='" + title + '\'' +
            ", author='" + author + '\'' +
            ", pages=" + pages +
package org.kodejava.example.spring.el;

import java.util.List;

public class Library {
    private List<Book> books;

    public List<Book> getBooks() {
        return books;

    public void setBooks(List<Book> books) {
        this.books = books;

After creating the Book and the Library class let’s now create the Spring configuration file for our demo. We will create a file and call it as spel-select-collection.xml with the following lines of configuration in it.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns=""

    <util:list id="books">
        <bean class="org.kodejava.example.spring.el.Book"
              p:title="Essential C# 4.0" p:author="Michaelis" p:pages="450"/>
        <bean class="org.kodejava.example.spring.el.Book"
              p:title="User Stories Applied" p:author="Mike Cohen" p:pages="268"/>
        <bean class="org.kodejava.example.spring.el.Book"
              p:title="Learning Android" p:author="Marco Gargenta" p:pages="245"/>
        <bean class="org.kodejava.example.spring.el.Book"
              p:title="The Ruby Programming Language"
              p:author="David Flanagan & Yukihiro Matsumoto" p:pages="250"/>
        <bean class="org.kodejava.example.spring.el.Book"
              p:title="Einstein" p:author="Walter Isaacson" p:pages="1000"/>

    <bean id="lib1" class="org.kodejava.example.spring.el.Library">
        <property name="books" value="#{books.?[pages gt 250]}"/>

    <bean id="lib2" class="org.kodejava.example.spring.el.Library">
        <property name="books" value="#{books.^[pages gt 250]}"/>

    <bean id="lib3" class="org.kodejava.example.spring.el.Library">
        <property name="books" value="#{books.$[pages gt 250]}"/>


The first thing that you can see in the configuration above is the <util-list> where we create a list of Book beans. Next we have three beans definition of the type Library where the books property was assigned with a collection of beans selected from the books list.

The lib1 will contains books that have pages more than 250. The lib2 will contains the first book found to have more than 250 pages while the lib3 will contains the last book found to have more than 250 pages.

Below is the code that will run our configuration file and the example output it will produce.

package org.kodejava.example.spring.el;

import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;

public class SpELFilterCollection {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        ApplicationContext context =
            new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("spel-filter-collection.xml");

        System.out.println("Library 1");
        Library lib1 = (Library) context.getBean("lib1");
        for (Book book : lib1.getBooks()) {
            System.out.println("    Book = " + book);

        System.out.println("Library 2");
        Library lib2 = (Library) context.getBean("lib2");
        for (Book book : lib2.getBooks()) {
            System.out.println("    Book = " + book);

        System.out.println("Library 3");
        Library lib3 = (Library) context.getBean("lib3");
        for (Book book : lib3.getBooks()) {
            System.out.println("    Book = " + book);
Library 1
    Book = Book{title='Essential C# 4.0', author='Michaelis', pages=450}
    Book = Book{title='User Stories Applied', author='Mike Cohen', pages=268}
    Book = Book{title='Einstein', author='Walter Isaacson', pages=1000}
Library 2
    Book = Book{title='Essential C# 4.0', author='Michaelis', pages=450}
Library 3
    Book = Book{title='Einstein', author='Walter Isaacson', pages=1000}

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