How to read file using Files.newBufferedReader?

In the snippet below you’ll learn to open file for reading using Files.newBufferedReader() method in JDK 7. This method returns a java.io.BufferedReader which makes a backward compatibility with the old I/O system in Java.

To read a file you’ll need to provide a Path and the Charset to the newBufferedReader() method arguments.

package org.kodejava.example.nio;

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Path;
import java.nio.file.Paths;

public class FilesNewBufferedReader {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Path logFile = Paths.get("D:\Temp\logs\app.log");
        try (BufferedReader reader = Files.newBufferedReader(logFile,
                StandardCharsets.UTF_8)) {
            String line;
            while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
                System.out.println(line);
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

How to write file using Files.newBufferedWriter?

To open a file for writing in JDK 7 you can use the Files.newBufferedWriter() method. This method takes three arguments. We need to pass the Path, the Charset and a varargs of OpenOption.

For example, in the snippet below we pass the path of our log file, we use the StandardCharsets.UTF_8 charset and we use the StandardOpenOption.WRITE to open a file for writing. If you want to open a file and append its contents instead of rewriting it you can use the StandardOpenOption.APPEND.

package org.kodejava.example.nio;

import java.io.BufferedWriter;
import java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Path;
import java.nio.file.Paths;
import java.nio.file.StandardOpenOption;

public class FilesNewBufferedWriter {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Path logFile = Paths.get("app.log");
        try (BufferedWriter writer = Files.newBufferedWriter(logFile,
                StandardCharsets.UTF_8, StandardOpenOption.WRITE)) {

            for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
                writer.write(String.format("Message %s%n", i));
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

Because we use the StandardOpenOption.WRITE we have to make sure that the file to be written is exists. If the file is not available we will get error like java.nio.file.NoSuchFileException.

How do I move a file in JDK 7?

In the following code snippet you will learn how to move a file using the java.nio.file.Files helper class of JDK 7. This class simplify how you can move file. To move file you need to define the Path of the source and the target file.

We use the Files.move() method to move the file by passing the source and target path. We can also define the CopyOptions of the move process. For example to tell the move operation to replace the target file if the file already exist we can use the StandardCopyOption.REPLACE_EXISTING option. This option is a varargs, that means we can pass multiple options.

package org.kodejava.example.nio;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Path;
import java.nio.file.Paths;

import static java.nio.file.StandardCopyOption.*;

public class FileMoveDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        //
        // Define the source and target of the file to be moved.
        //
        Path source = Paths.get("D:\Source\data.txt");
        Path target = Paths.get("D:\Backup\data.txt");

        try {
            //
            // Move file from source to target using the defined
            // configuration (REPLACE_EXISTING)
            //
            Files.move(source, target, REPLACE_EXISTING);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}