How do I update entity object using JPA?

In this example you will learn how to update an entity object in JPA. We use the EntityManager.merge() method to update an entity. This method takes the entity to be saved as the parameter and return the merged entity back as the result.

You can see a simple example to the code snippet below. Here is the main program for running the ArtistDao class to update the artist data in the database.

package org.kodejava.example.jpa;

import org.kodejava.example.jpa.dao.ArtistDao;
import org.kodejava.example.jpa.dao.impl.ArtistDaoImpl;
import org.kodejava.example.jpa.entity.Artist;

import javax.persistence.EntityManager;
import javax.persistence.EntityManagerFactory;
import javax.persistence.Persistence;

public class EntityUpdateDemo {
    public static final String PERSISTENCE_UNIT_NAME = "music";

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        EntityManagerFactory factory =
            Persistence.createEntityManagerFactory(PERSISTENCE_UNIT_NAME);
        EntityManager em = factory.createEntityManager();

        ArtistDao dao = new ArtistDaoImpl(em);
        Artist artist = dao.findById(1L);
        System.out.println("Artist = " + artist);

        artist.setName("Bon Jovi");
        dao.update(artist);

        artist = dao.findById(artist.getId());
        System.out.println("Artist = " + artist);
    }
}

The ArtistDao interface and its implementation ArtistDaoImpl class definition.

package org.kodejava.example.jpa.dao;

import org.kodejava.example.jpa.entity.Artist;

import java.util.List;

public interface ArtistDao {
    Artist findById(Long id);

    void save(Artist artist);

    void update(Artist artist);

    List<Artist> getArtists();
}
package org.kodejava.example.jpa.dao.impl;

import org.kodejava.example.jpa.dao.ArtistDao;
import org.kodejava.example.jpa.entity.Artist;

import javax.persistence.EntityManager;
import javax.persistence.EntityNotFoundException;
import javax.persistence.Query;
import java.util.List;

public class ArtistDaoImpl implements ArtistDao {
    private EntityManager manager;

    public ArtistDaoImpl(EntityManager manager) {
        this.manager = manager;
    }

    /**
     * Find Artist based on the entity Id.
     *
     * @param artistId the artist Id.
     * @return Artist.
     * @throws EntityNotFoundException when no artist is found.
     */
    public Artist findById(Long artistId) {
        Artist artist = manager.find(Artist.class, artistId);
        if (artist == null) {
            throw new EntityNotFoundException("Can't find Artist for ID "
                + artistId);
        }
        return artist;
    }

    @Override
    public void save(Artist artist) {
        manager.getTransaction().begin();
        manager.persist(artist);
        manager.getTransaction().commit();
    }

    /**
     * Update Artist information.
     *
     * @param artist an Artist to be updated.
     */
    @Override
    public void update(Artist artist) {
        manager.getTransaction().begin();
        manager.merge(artist);
        manager.getTransaction().commit();
    }

    @Override
    @SuppressWarnings(value = "unchecked")
    public List<Artist> getArtists() {
        Query query = manager.createQuery("select a from Artist a", Artist.class);
        return query.getResultList();
    }
}

Maven Dependencies

<dependencies>
    <!-- https://search.maven.org/remotecontent?filepath=javax/persistence/javax.persistence-api/2.2/javax.persistence-api-2.2.jar -->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>javax.persistence</groupId>
        <artifactId>javax.persistence-api</artifactId>
        <version>2.2</version>
    </dependency>
    <!-- https://search.maven.org/remotecontent?filepath=org/hibernate/hibernate-core/5.4.1.Final/hibernate-core-5.4.1.Final.jar -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.hibernate</groupId>
      <artifactId>hibernate-core</artifactId>
      <version>5.4.1.Final</version>
    </dependency>
    <!-- https://search.maven.org/remotecontent?filepath=mysql/mysql-connector-java/5.1.47/mysql-connector-java-5.1.47.jar -->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>mysql</groupId>
        <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
        <version>5.1.47</version>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

Maven Central
Maven Central
Maven Central

How do I know the number of rows affected when updating data in database table?

In this example you can see how to get number of rows or records affected when we update records in the database. The executeUpdate() method of Statement or PreparedStatement return an integer value which tell us how many records was affected by the executed command.

Note that when the return value for executeUpdate() method is 0, it can mean one of two things: (1) the statement executed was an update statement that affected zero row, or (2) the statement executed was a DDL statement such as statement to create a table in database.

package org.kodejava.example.jdbc;

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.PreparedStatement;

public class HowManyRowExample {
    private static final String URL = "jdbc:mysql://localhost/kodejava";
    private static final String USERNAME = "root";
    private static final String PASSWORD = "";

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        try (Connection connection =
                 DriverManager.getConnection(URL, USERNAME, PASSWORD)) {

            String sql = "UPDATE books " +
                "SET title = ?, published_year = ? " +
                "WHERE isbn = ?";

            PreparedStatement ps = connection.prepareStatement(sql);
            ps.setString(1, "Java 8 in Action, First Edition");
            ps.setInt(2, 2014);
            ps.setString(3, "9781617291999");
            int rows = ps.executeUpdate();

            System.out.printf("%d row(s) updated!", rows);
        }
    }
}

The result of the code snippet above:

1 row(s) updated!

Maven dependencies

<!-- https://search.maven.org/remotecontent?filepath=mysql/mysql-connector-java/5.1.47/mysql-connector-java-5.1.47.jar -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>mysql</groupId>
    <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
    <version>5.1.47</version>
</dependency>