How do I use Hibernate’s Restriction.in criterion?

This example demonstrate the use of Hibernate’s Restriction.in criterion. This restriction will query for some record based on a collection of parameter defined for a specific property of the bean.

package org.kodejava.example.hibernate.criteria;

import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.hibernate.Session;
import org.hibernate.HibernateException;
import org.hibernate.Criteria;
import org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration;
import org.hibernate.criterion.Restrictions;
import org.kodejava.example.hibernate.model.Genre;

import java.util.List;

public class RestrictionInDemo {
    public static Session getSession() throws HibernateException {
        String cfg = "hibernate.cfg.xml";
        SessionFactory sessionFactory = new Configuration().configure(cfg)
            .buildSessionFactory();
        return sessionFactory.openSession();
    }

    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try (Session session = getSession()) {
            // Create a Criteria an add an in constraint for the property
            // id. This in restrictions will return genre with id 1, 2, 3
            // and 4.
            Criteria criteria = session.createCriteria(Genre.class)
                .add(Restrictions.in("id", 1L, 2L, 3L, 4L));

            List<Genre> result = criteria.list();
            for (Genre genre : result) {
                System.out.println(genre);
            }
        }
    }
}

How do I add Restrictions to the Criteria object?

In this example you’ll learn how to add restrictions to the Criteria object. Using restriction we can narrow the result of our query. In the code below we add some restrictions such as Restrictions.eq(), Restrictions.like() and Restrictions.isNotNull().

In the Hibernate framework you’ll find a lot of class the use a method chaining. As in the example below you can see that we actually can add an endless restrictions by calling the add() method.

package org.kodejava.example.hibernate.criteria;

import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.hibernate.Session;
import org.hibernate.HibernateException;
import org.hibernate.Criteria;
import org.hibernate.criterion.Restrictions;
import org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration;
import org.kodejava.example.hibernate.model.Track;

import java.util.List;

public class RestrictionsDemo {
    public static Session getSession() throws HibernateException {
        String cfg = "hibernate.cfg.xml";
        SessionFactory sessionFactory = new Configuration().configure(cfg)
            .buildSessionFactory();
        return sessionFactory.openSession();
    }

    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try (Session session = getSession()) {
            Criteria criteria = session.createCriteria(Track.class)
                .createAlias("artist", "artist")
                .createAlias("genre", "genre")
                .add(Restrictions.eq("title", "Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da"))
                .add(Restrictions.like("artist.name", "%beatles%"))
                .add(Restrictions.isNotNull("genre.name"));

            List<Track> tracks = criteria.list();
            for (Track track : tracks) {
                System.out.println("Track = " + track.getTitle() +
                    "; Artist = " + track.getArtist().getName() +
                    "; Genre = " + track.getGenre().getName());
            }
        }
    }
}

Here are some other restrictions that can also be use to narrow our Criteria query result, for a complete restrictions you can see the Restrictions class documentation.

  • Restrictions.ne("title", "Twist and Shout") – Apply a “not equal” constraint to the named property.
  • Restrictions.ilike("title", "Twist%") – A case-insensitive “like”.
  • Restrictions.isNull("title") – Apply an “is null” constraint to the named property.
  • Restrictions.gt("duration", new Integer(200)) – Apply a “greater than” constraint to the named property.
  • Restrictions.between("duration", new Integer(100), new Integer(200)) – Apply a “between” constraint to the named property
  • Restrictions.or(criterionA, criterionB) – Return the disjunction of two expressions.
  • Restrictions.disjuction() – Group expressions together in a single disjunction.