How to remove map’s entry set elements in certain condition?

In Java, you can use the removeIf() method to remove elements from a Set-based in a certain condition. Here’s how you can do it:

  • First, get the entry set from the map. The entry set is a Set<Map.Entry<K,V>>.
  • Then, call removeIf() on this set.
  • The removeIf() method takes a predicate, which is a condition that is checked against every element in the set.
  • If the predicate is true for a given element, that element is removed.

Here is the Java code:

package org.kodejava.util;

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

public class MapEntrySetRemoveIf {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Map<String, Integer> map = new HashMap<>();
        map.put("One", 1);
        map.put("Two", 2);
        map.put("Three", 3);
        map.put("Four", 4);

        // Remove entry with key "Two"
        map.entrySet().removeIf(entry -> entry.getKey().equals("Two"));




This will remove the map entry with “Two” as its key. You can replace entry.getKey().equals("Two") with any condition you desire.

Please note that this operation may throw ConcurrentModificationException if the map is structurally modified at any time after the iterator is created. Make sure you’re aware of concurrent modifications when using this method.

How do I use Collection.removeIf() method?

The Collection.removeIf() method was introduced in Java 8, and it allows for the removal of items from a collection using a condition defined in a lambda expression.

The primary purpose of the Collection.removeIf() method in Java is to filter out elements from a collection based on a certain condition or predicate. It’s a more efficient and concise way of performing this type of operation than traditional for or iterator-based loops.

The method iterates over each element in the collection and checks whether it satisfies the condition described by the given Predicate. If the Predicate returns true for a particular element, removeIf() removes that element from the collection.

Here’s a simple example:

package org.kodejava.util;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class CollectionRemoveIfExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        List<Integer> numbers = new ArrayList<>();

        // Use removeIf method to remove all numbers greater than 2
        numbers.removeIf(n -> n > 2);

        System.out.println(numbers); // Outputs: [1, 2]

In this example, n -> n > 2 is a lambda expression that defines a Predicate, which returns true for all numbers greater than 2. The removeIf() method uses this Predicate to determine which elements to remove.

Please be aware that not all Collection implementations support the removeIf() method. For example, if you try to use it with an unmodifiable collection (like the ones returned by Collections.unmodifiableList()), it will throw an UnsupportedOperationException.

As removeIf() is a default method, it’s provided with a default implementation, and it’s available for use with any classes that implement the Collection interface (like ArrayList, HashSet, etc.) without requiring those classes to provide their own implementation.

However, classes can still override this method with their own optimized version if necessary. Here’s another example of removeIf() method:

package org.kodejava.util;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class CollectionRemoveIfSecond {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        List<String> names = new ArrayList<>();

        // Remove names that start with 'B'
        names.removeIf(name -> name.startsWith("B"));

        System.out.println(names); // Outputs: [Alice, Charlie, David, Rosa]

Remember, it’s a bulk operation that can lead to a ConcurrentModificationException if the collection is modified while the operation is running (for example, removing an element from a collection while iterating over it with removeIf()), except if the collection is a Concurrent Collection.

In conclusion, the Collection.removeIf() default method provides a unified, efficient, and convenient way to remove items from a collection based on certain conditions.