How do I compile and execute a JDK preview features with Maven?

To compile and execute a JDK preview features with Maven, you need to add in the following configurations in your pom.xml file:

  • Compiler Plugin: The configuration should specify the JDK version and enable the preview features. It should look similar to this:
<build>
    <plugins>
        <plugin>
            <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
            <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
            <version>3.8.1</version>
            <configuration>
                <release>21</release>
                <compilerArgs>--enable-preview</compilerArgs>
            </configuration>
        </plugin>
    </plugins>
</build>
  • Surefire Plugin: If you’re using the Maven Surefire Plugin to run your tests, you should also enable the preview features there. The configuration may look similar to this:
<build>
    <plugins>
    ...
        <plugin>
            <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
            <artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
            <version>2.22.2</version>
            <configuration>
                <argLine>--enable-preview</argLine>
            </configuration>
        </plugin>
    </plugins>
</build>

Before building your project, ensure that you have JDK 21-preview installed on your computer, and it’s properly set in JAVA_HOME environment variable or in the IDE settings.

Then use Maven to package or install your project:

mvn clean package
# or
mvn clean install

Please ensure that you have the correct version of maven-compiler-plugin and maven-surefire-plugin that support the JDK 21-preview features. For the project that uses Spring MVC, you should make sure all dependencies are compatible with JDK 21-preview as well.