How do I parse negative number in parentheses?

In financial application negative numbers are often represented in parentheses. In this post we will learn how we can parse or convert the negative number in parentheses to produce the represented number value. To parse text / string to a number we can use the java.text.DecimalFormat class.

Beside number in parentheses, in this example we also parse negative number that use the minus sign with the currency symbol like $. Let’s jump to the code snippet below:

package org.kodejava.example.text;

import java.text.DecimalFormat;

public class NegativeNumberParse {
    // Pattern for parsing negative number.
    public static final String PATTERN1 = "#,##0.00;(#,##0.00)";
    public static final String PATTERN2 = "$#,##0.00;-$#,##0.00";

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        DecimalFormat df = new DecimalFormat(PATTERN1);

        String number1 = "(1000)";
        String number2 = "(1,500.99)";

        System.out.println("number1 = " + df.parse(number1));
        System.out.println("number2 = " + df.parse(number2));

        df = (DecimalFormat) DecimalFormat.getInstance();
        df.applyPattern(PATTERN2);

        String number3 = "-$1000";
        String number4 = "-$1,500.99";

        System.out.println("number3 = " + df.parse(number3));
        System.out.println("number4 = " + df.parse(number4));
    }
}

And here are the results of our code snippet above:

number1 = -1000
number2 = -1500.99
number3 = -1000
number4 = -1500.99

If you need to display or format negative numbers in parentheses you can take a look at the following example How do I display negative number in parentheses?.

Can I create a boolean variable from string?

To convert a string into boolean we can use the Boolean.parseBoolean(String) method. If we pass a non null value that equals to true, ignoring case, this method will return true value. Given other values it will return a false boolean value.

package org.kodejava.example.lang;

public class BooleanParseExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Parsing string "true" will result boolean true
        boolean boolA = Boolean.parseBoolean("true");
        System.out.println("boolA = " + boolA);

        // Parsing string "TRUE" also result boolean true, as the
        // parsing method is case insensitive
        boolean boolB = Boolean.parseBoolean("TRUE");
        System.out.println("boolB = " + boolB);

        // The operation below will return false, as Yes is not
        // a valid string value for boolean expression
        boolean boolC = Boolean.parseBoolean("Yes");
        System.out.println("boolC = " + boolC);

        // Parsing a number is also not a valid expression so the
        // parsing method return false
        boolean boolD = Boolean.parseBoolean("1");
        System.out.println("boolD = " + boolD);
    }
}

The code snippet above will print the following output:

boolA = true
boolB = true
boolC = false
boolD = false

How do I check if a string is a valid number?

When creating a program we will use a lot of string to represent our data. The data might not just information about our customer name, email or address, but will also contains numeric data represented as string. So how do we know if this string contains a valid number?

Java provides some wrappers to the primitive data types that can be used to do the checking. These wrappers come with the parseXXX() method such as Integer.parseInt(), Float.parseFloat() and Double.parseDouble() methods.

package org.kodejava.example.lang;

public class NumericParsingExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String age = "15";
        String height = "160.5";
        String weight = "55.9";

        try {
            int theAge = Integer.parseInt(age);
            float theHeight = Float.parseFloat(height);
            double theWeight = Double.parseDouble(weight);

            System.out.println("Age    = " + theAge);
            System.out.println("Height = " + theHeight);
            System.out.println("Weight = " + theWeight);
        } catch (NumberFormatException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

In the example code we use Integer.parseInt(), Float.parseFloat(), Double.parseDouble() methods to check the validity of our numeric data. If the string is not a valid number java.lang.NumberFormatException will be thrown.

The result of our example:

Age    = 15
Height = 160.5
Weight = 55.9