How to monitor file or directory changes?

package org.kodejava.example.nio;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.file.*;

import static java.nio.file.StandardWatchEventKinds.*;

public class FileWatchDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try {
            // Creates a instance of WatchService.
            WatchService watcher = FileSystems.getDefault().newWatchService();

            // Registers the logDir below with a watch service.
            Path logDir = Paths.get("/Users/kodejava/temp/");
            logDir.register(watcher, ENTRY_CREATE, ENTRY_MODIFY, ENTRY_DELETE);

            // Monitor the logDir at listen for change notification.
            while (true) {
                WatchKey key = watcher.take();
                for (WatchEvent<?> event : key.pollEvents()) {
                    WatchEvent.Kind<?> kind = event.kind();

                    if (ENTRY_CREATE.equals(kind)) {
                        System.out.println("Entry was created on log dir.");
                    } else if (ENTRY_MODIFY.equals(kind)) {
                        System.out.println("Entry was modified on log dir.");
                    } else if (ENTRY_DELETE.equals(kind)) {
                        System.out.println("Entry was deleted from log dir.");
                    }
                }
                key.reset();
            }
        } catch (IOException | InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

To get the created, modified or deleted file you can see the following example: How to get the file name when using WatchService?.

How to get the file name when using WatchService?

package org.kodejava.example.nio;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.file.*;

import static java.nio.file.StandardWatchEventKinds.*;

public class WatchServiceGetFilename {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try {
            // Create a WatchService and register the logDir path with the
            // WatchService for ENTRY_CREATE.
            WatchService watcher = FileSystems.getDefault().newWatchService();
            Path logDir = Paths.get("/Users/kodejava/temp");
            logDir.register(watcher, ENTRY_CREATE);

            while (true) {
                WatchKey key;
                try {
                    key = watcher.take();
                } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                    return;
                }

                for (WatchEvent<?> event : key.pollEvents()) {
                    if (event.kind() == ENTRY_CREATE) {
                        // Get the name of created file.
                        WatchEvent<Path> ev = cast(event);
                        Path filename = ev.context();

                        System.out.printf("A new file %s was created.%n",
                                filename.getFileName());
                    }
                }
                key.reset();
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    static <T> WatchEvent<T> cast(WatchEvent<?> event) {
        return (WatchEvent<T>)event;
    }
}

How do I read all lines from a file?

The java.nio.file.Files.readAllLines() method read all lines from a file. This method ensures that the file is closed when all bytes have been read or an I/O error, or other runtime exception, is thrown. Bytes from the file are decoded into characters using the specified charset.

Note that this method is intended for simple cases where it is convenient to read all lines in a single operation. It is not intended for reading in large files. This method is available in Java 7.

package org.kodejava.example.nio;

import java.net.URI;
import java.nio.charset.Charset;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Paths;
import java.util.List;

public class ReadFileAsListDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        ReadFileAsListDemo demo = new ReadFileAsListDemo();
        demo.readFileAsList();
    }

    private void readFileAsList() {
        String fileName = "/data.txt";

        try {
            URI uri = this.getClass().getResource(fileName).toURI();
            List<String> lines = Files.readAllLines(Paths.get(uri),
                    Charset.defaultCharset());

            for (String line : lines) {
                System.out.println(line);
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}