How to monitor file or directory changes?

package org.kodejava.example.nio;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.file.*;

import static java.nio.file.StandardWatchEventKinds.*;

public class FileWatchDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try {
            // Creates a instance of WatchService.
            WatchService watcher = FileSystems.getDefault().newWatchService();

            // Registers the logDir below with a watch service.
            Path logDir = Paths.get("/Users/kodejava/temp/");
            logDir.register(watcher, ENTRY_CREATE, ENTRY_MODIFY, ENTRY_DELETE);

            // Monitor the logDir at listen for change notification.
            while (true) {
                WatchKey key = watcher.take();
                for (WatchEvent<?> event : key.pollEvents()) {
                    WatchEvent.Kind<?> kind = event.kind();

                    if (ENTRY_CREATE.equals(kind)) {
                        System.out.println("Entry was created on log dir.");
                    } else if (ENTRY_MODIFY.equals(kind)) {
                        System.out.println("Entry was modified on log dir.");
                    } else if (ENTRY_DELETE.equals(kind)) {
                        System.out.println("Entry was deleted from log dir.");
                    }
                }
                key.reset();
            }
        } catch (IOException | InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

To get the created, modified or deleted file you can see the following example: How to get the file name when using WatchService?.

How to get the file name when using WatchService?

package org.kodejava.example.nio;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.file.*;

import static java.nio.file.StandardWatchEventKinds.*;

public class WatchServiceGetFilename {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try {
            // Create a WatchService and register the logDir path with the
            // WatchService for ENTRY_CREATE.
            WatchService watcher = FileSystems.getDefault().newWatchService();
            Path logDir = Paths.get("/Users/kodejava/temp");
            logDir.register(watcher, ENTRY_CREATE);

            while (true) {
                WatchKey key;
                try {
                    key = watcher.take();
                } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                    return;
                }

                for (WatchEvent<?> event : key.pollEvents()) {
                    if (event.kind() == ENTRY_CREATE) {
                        // Get the name of created file.
                        WatchEvent<Path> ev = cast(event);
                        Path filename = ev.context();

                        System.out.printf("A new file %s was created.%n",
                                filename.getFileName());
                    }
                }
                key.reset();
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    static <T> WatchEvent<T> cast(WatchEvent<?> event) {
        return (WatchEvent<T>)event;
    }
}

How do I read all lines from a file?

The java.nio.file.Files.readAllLines() method read all lines from a file. This method ensures that the file is closed when all bytes have been read or an I/O error, or other runtime exception, is thrown. Bytes from the file are decoded into characters using the specified charset.

Note that this method is intended for simple cases where it is convenient to read all lines in a single operation. It is not intended for reading in large files. This method is available in Java 7.

package org.kodejava.example.nio;

import java.net.URI;
import java.nio.charset.Charset;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Paths;
import java.util.List;

public class ReadFileAsListDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        ReadFileAsListDemo demo = new ReadFileAsListDemo();
        demo.readFileAsList();
    }

    private void readFileAsList() {
        String fileName = "/data.txt";

        try {
            URI uri = this.getClass().getResource(fileName).toURI();
            List<String> lines = Files.readAllLines(Paths.get(uri),
                    Charset.defaultCharset());

            for (String line : lines) {
                System.out.println(line);
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

How do I use Java NIO to copy file?

The following code snippet show you how to copy a file using the NIO API. The NIO (New IO) API is in the java.nio.* package. It requires at least Java 1.4 because the API was first included in this version. The JAVA NIO is a block based IO processing, instead of a stream based IO which is the old version IO processing in Java.

package org.kodejava.example.nio;

import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.nio.channels.FileChannel;
import java.nio.ByteBuffer;

public class CopyFileExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        String source = "medical-report.txt";
        String destination = "medical-report-final.txt";

        FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream(source);
        FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(destination);

        FileChannel inputChannel = fis.getChannel();
        FileChannel outputChannel = fos.getChannel();

        // Create a buffer with 1024 size for buffering data
        // while copying from source file to destination file.
        // To create the buffer here we used a static method
        // ByteBuffer.allocate()
        ByteBuffer buffer = ByteBuffer.allocate(1024);

        // Here we start to read the source file and write it
        // to the destination file. We repeat this process
        // until the read method of input stream channel return
        // nothing (-1).
        while (true) {
            // Read a block of data and put it in the buffer
            int read = inputChannel.read(buffer);

            // Did we reach the end of the channel? if yes
            // jump out the while-loop
            if (read == -1) {
                break;
            }

            // flip the buffer
            buffer.flip();

            // write to the destination channel and clear the buffer.
            outputChannel.write(buffer);
            buffer.clear();
        }
    }
}