How do I create super / subscript in iText?

The following example you’ll see how to create a superscript and subscript text in the pdf document using iText. We can use the Chunk‘s class method called setTextRise(). A positive value will create a superscript text while a negative value will create a subscript text.

package org.kodejava.example.itextpdf;

import com.itextpdf.text.*;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfWriter;

import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;

public class SuperSubscriptDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Document doc = new Document();
        try {
            PdfWriter.getInstance(doc, new FileOutputStream("SuperSubscript.pdf"));
            doc.open();

            Font small = FontFactory.getFont(FontFactory.HELVETICA, 5, Font.ITALIC);

            // Add some chunks into the doc object.
            doc.add(new Chunk("The quick brown  "));

            Chunk superscript = new Chunk("fox ");
            superscript.setTextRise(5f);
            superscript.setFont(small);
            doc.add(superscript);

            doc.add(new Chunk("jumps over the lazy "));

            Chunk subscript = new Chunk("dog");
            subscript.setTextRise(-5f);
            subscript.setFont(small);
            doc.add(subscript);
        } catch (DocumentException | FileNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            doc.close();
        }
    }
}

Maven Dependencies

<!-- http://repo1.maven.org/maven2/com/itextpdf/itextpdf/5.5.10/itextpdf-5.5.10.jar -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.itextpdf</groupId>
    <artifactId>itextpdf</artifactId>
    <version>5.5.10</version>
</dependency>

How do I create an underlined or strike through chunk in iText?

You can use the Chunk‘s setUnderline(float thickness, float yPosition) method to add underline or strike through to a chunk. A negative value to the yPosition create an underline while a positive value will produce a strike through.

package org.kodejava.example.itextpdf;

import com.itextpdf.text.Chunk;
import com.itextpdf.text.Document;
import com.itextpdf.text.DocumentException;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfWriter;

import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;

public class UnderlineStrikeThroughDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Document doc = new Document();
        try {
            PdfWriter.getInstance(doc, new FileOutputStream("UnderStrike.pdf"));
            doc.open();

            // Creates a chunk with an underline with 0.1 thickness
            Chunk underline = new Chunk("The quick brown fox ");
            underline.setUnderline(0.1f, -1f);
            doc.add(underline);

            // Creates a strike through chunk with 1 thickness
            Chunk strike = new Chunk("jumps over the lazy dog.");
            strike.setUnderline(1f, 3f);
            doc.add(strike);
        } catch (DocumentException | FileNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            doc.close();
        }
    }
}

Maven Dependencies

<!-- http://repo1.maven.org/maven2/com/itextpdf/itextpdf/5.5.10/itextpdf-5.5.10.jar -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.itextpdf</groupId>
    <artifactId>itextpdf</artifactId>
    <version>5.5.10</version>
</dependency>

How do I define a font for text object in iText?

We can set font style for text object such as Chunk, Phrase, Paragraph, etc using the com.itextpdf.text.Font class. We can define the font face, size, style and its color using this class.

package org.kodejava.example.itextpdf;

import com.itextpdf.text.*;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfWriter;

import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;

public class FontDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Document doc = new Document();
        try {
            PdfWriter.getInstance(doc, new FileOutputStream("FontDemo.pdf"));
            doc.open();

            // Creates some fonts
            Font largeBold = new Font(Font.FontFamily.COURIER, 32,
                    Font.BOLD);
            Font smallItalic = new Font(Font.FontFamily.HELVETICA, 10,
                    Font.ITALIC);
            Font redFont = new Font(Font.FontFamily.TIMES_ROMAN, 12,
                    Font.ITALIC | Font.UNDERLINE, BaseColor.RED);

            // Creates chunk, phrase and paragraph with font
            // information.
            Chunk chunk = new Chunk("Hello World", largeBold);
            Phrase phrase =
                    new Phrase("The quick brown fox ", smallItalic);
            Paragraph paragraph =
                    new Paragraph("jumps over the lazy dog", redFont);

            doc.add(chunk);
            doc.add(phrase);
            doc.add(paragraph);
        } catch (DocumentException | FileNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            doc.close();
        }
    }
}

Maven Dependencies

<!-- http://repo1.maven.org/maven2/com/itextpdf/itextpdf/5.5.10/itextpdf-5.5.10.jar -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.itextpdf</groupId>
    <artifactId>itextpdf</artifactId>
    <version>5.5.10</version>
</dependency>

How do I rotate image in iText PDF document?

You can rotate images in the iText pdf document using the setRotation(final float r) or the setRotationDegrees(final float deg) methods of the com.itextpdf.text.Image class. This method sets the rotation in radian and in degree respectively. Let’s see an example below:

package org.kodejava.example.itextpdf;

import com.itextpdf.text.Document;
import com.itextpdf.text.DocumentException;
import com.itextpdf.text.Image;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfWriter;

import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;

public class ImageRotateDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Document doc = new Document();
        try {
            PdfWriter.getInstance(doc, new FileOutputStream("ImageRotation.pdf"));
            doc.open();

            // Rotate image in radian using the setRotation method.
            String filename = "other-sample/src/main/resources/java.gif";
            Image image = Image.getInstance(filename);
            image.setRotation(90f);
            doc.add(image);

            // The following line to prevent the "Server returned
            // HTTP response code: 403" error.
            System.setProperty("http.agent", "Chrome");

            // Rotate image in degree using the setRotationDegree method
            String url = "http://kodejava.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/kodejava.png";
            image = Image.getInstance(url);
            image.setRotationDegrees(90);
            doc.add(image);
        } catch (DocumentException | IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            doc.close();
        }
    }
}

Maven Dependencies

<!-- http://repo1.maven.org/maven2/com/itextpdf/itextpdf/5.5.10/itextpdf-5.5.10.jar -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.itextpdf</groupId>
    <artifactId>itextpdf</artifactId>
    <version>5.5.10</version>
</dependency>

How do I scale an image in PDF document using iText?

There some methods of the com.itextpdf.text.Image class that can be use to scale the image. These methods include the following: scaleAbsolute(), scaleAbsoluteWidth(), scaleAbsoluteHeight(), scalePercent() and scaleToFit().

package org.kodejava.example.itextpdf;

import com.itextpdf.text.Document;
import com.itextpdf.text.DocumentException;
import com.itextpdf.text.Image;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfWriter;

import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;

public class ImageScalingDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Document doc = new Document();
        try {
            PdfWriter.getInstance(doc, new FileOutputStream("ImageScaling.pdf"));
            doc.open();

            // Scale the image to an absolute width and an absolute
            // height
            String filename = "other-sample/src/main/resources/java.gif";
            Image image = Image.getInstance(filename);
            image.scaleAbsolute(200f, 200f);
            doc.add(image);

            // The following line to prevent the "Server returned
            // HTTP response code: 403" error.
            System.setProperty("http.agent", "Chrome");

            // Scale the image to a certain percentage
            String url = "http://kodejava.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/kodejava.png";
            image = Image.getInstance(url);
            image.scalePercent(200f);
            doc.add(image);

            // Scales the image so that it fits a certain width and
            // height
            image = Image.getInstance(url);
            image.scaleToFit(100f, 200f);
            doc.add(image);
        } catch (DocumentException | IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            doc.close();
        }
    }
}

Maven Dependencies

<!-- http://repo1.maven.org/maven2/com/itextpdf/itextpdf/5.5.10/itextpdf-5.5.10.jar -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.itextpdf</groupId>
    <artifactId>itextpdf</artifactId>
    <version>5.5.10</version>
</dependency>

How do I set the absolute position of an image in iText?

To set the absolute position of an image you can use the setAbsolutePosition() method. This method takes two parameters the X and Y coordinate where the image will be placed. In the pdf document the 0, 0 coordinate is located at the left bottom corner of the document. Let’s see an example below:

package org.kodejava.example.itextpdf;

import com.itextpdf.text.Document;
import com.itextpdf.text.DocumentException;
import com.itextpdf.text.Image;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfWriter;

import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;

public class ImageAbsolutePosition {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Document doc = new Document();
        try {
            PdfWriter.getInstance(doc, new FileOutputStream("ImageAbsolutePosition.pdf"));
            doc.open();

            // Sets the absolute position of the image.
            String filename = "other-sample/src/main/resources/java.gif";
            Image image = Image.getInstance(filename);
            image.setAbsolutePosition(0f, 0f);
            doc.add(image);
        } catch (DocumentException | IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            doc.close();
        }
    }
}

Maven Dependencies

<!-- http://repo1.maven.org/maven2/com/itextpdf/itextpdf/5.5.10/itextpdf-5.5.10.jar -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.itextpdf</groupId>
    <artifactId>itextpdf</artifactId>
    <version>5.5.10</version>
</dependency>

How do I add an image into PDF document in iText?

The following example demonstrate how to add an image into a PDF document using the iText library. Image is created using the com.itextpdf.text.Image class. To create an instance of image we can use the Image.getInstance() method. Below we create an image from an image file name an a URL that point to an image resource.

package org.kodejava.example.itextpdf;

import com.itextpdf.text.Document;
import com.itextpdf.text.DocumentException;
import com.itextpdf.text.Image;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfWriter;

import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;

public class ImageDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Document doc = new Document();
        try {
            PdfWriter.getInstance(doc, new FileOutputStream("ImageDemo.pdf"));
            doc.open();

            // Creating image by file name
            String filename = "other-sample/src/main/resources/java.gif";
            Image image = Image.getInstance(filename);
            doc.add(image);

            // The following line to prevent the "Server returned 
            // HTTP response code: 403" error.
            System.setProperty("http.agent", "Chrome");

            // Creating image from a URL
            String url = "http://kodejava.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/kodejava.png";
            image = Image.getInstance(url);
            doc.add(image);
        } catch (DocumentException | IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            doc.close();
        }
    }
}

Maven Dependencies

<!-- http://repo1.maven.org/maven2/com/itextpdf/itextpdf/5.5.10/itextpdf-5.5.10.jar -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.itextpdf</groupId>
    <artifactId>itextpdf</artifactId>
    <version>5.5.10</version>
</dependency>

How do I create nested Table in iText?

This example show you how to create nested table in iText. To create a nested table you can add a com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfPTable object into a cell using the com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfPCell‘s addElement() method.

package org.kodejava.example.itextpdf;

import com.itextpdf.text.Document;
import com.itextpdf.text.DocumentException;
import com.itextpdf.text.Phrase;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfPCell;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfPTable;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfWriter;

import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;

public class TableNestedDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Document doc = new Document();
        try {
            PdfWriter.getInstance(doc, new FileOutputStream("TableNestedDemo.pdf"));
            doc.open();

            PdfPTable table = new PdfPTable(3);
            PdfPCell cell1 = new PdfPCell(new Phrase("Cell 1"));
            PdfPCell cell2 = new PdfPCell(new Phrase("Cell 2"));
            PdfPCell cell3 = new PdfPCell(new Phrase("Cell 3"));

            PdfPTable nestedTable = new PdfPTable(2);
            nestedTable.addCell(new PdfPCell(new Phrase("Nested 1")));
            nestedTable.addCell(new PdfPCell(new Phrase("Nested 2")));
            cell3.addElement(nestedTable);

            table.addCell(cell1);
            table.addCell(cell2);
            table.addCell(cell3);
            doc.add(table);
        } catch (DocumentException | FileNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            doc.close();
        }
    }
}

Maven Dependencies

<!-- http://repo1.maven.org/maven2/com/itextpdf/itextpdf/5.5.10/itextpdf-5.5.10.jar -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.itextpdf</groupId>
    <artifactId>itextpdf</artifactId>
    <version>5.5.10</version>
</dependency>

How do I set an image as the content of a cell in iText?

This example demonstrate how to add an image into a cell in iText. One way to set image into cell’s content is by creating an instance of com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfPCell and pass an image object (com.itextpdf.text.Image) in the constructor parameter. The constructor also accept a boolean value whether the image will be fitted into the cell or not.

package org.kodejava.example.itextpdf;

import com.itextpdf.text.Document;
import com.itextpdf.text.DocumentException;
import com.itextpdf.text.Image;
import com.itextpdf.text.Phrase;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfPCell;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfPTable;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfWriter;

import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.URL;

public class TableImageDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Document doc = new Document();
        try {
            PdfWriter.getInstance(doc, new FileOutputStream("TableImage.pdf"));
            doc.open();

            // Creates a table
            PdfPTable table = new PdfPTable(3);
            PdfPCell cell1 = new PdfPCell(new Phrase("Cell 1"));

            // Creates an image and set it as cell's content
            URL resource = TableImageDemo.class.getResource("/java.gif");
            Image image = Image.getInstance(resource);
            PdfPCell cell2 = new PdfPCell(image, false);
            cell2.setPadding(10);

            PdfPCell cell3 = new PdfPCell(new Phrase("Cell 3"));

            // Add cells to table
            table.addCell(cell1);
            table.addCell(cell2);
            table.addCell(cell3);

            doc.add(table);
        } catch (DocumentException | IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            doc.close();
        }
    }
}

Maven Dependencies

<!-- http://repo1.maven.org/maven2/com/itextpdf/itextpdf/5.5.10/itextpdf-5.5.10.jar -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.itextpdf</groupId>
    <artifactId>itextpdf</artifactId>
    <version>5.5.10</version>
</dependency>

How do I set Cell border width and color in iText?

The following example show you how to set the cell’s border width and color attributes. We can set the width and color at once using the setBorderWidth() and setBorderColor(). Or you can set it individually for each side of the cell’s border. You can also set the background color of a cell using the setBackgroundColor() method.

package org.kodejava.example.itextpdf;

import com.itextpdf.text.BaseColor;
import com.itextpdf.text.Document;
import com.itextpdf.text.DocumentException;
import com.itextpdf.text.Phrase;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfPCell;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfPTable;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfWriter;

import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;

public class TableCellBorderDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Document doc = new Document();
        try {
            PdfWriter.getInstance(doc, new FileOutputStream("TableCellBorder.pdf"));
            doc.open();

            PdfPTable table = new PdfPTable(3);
            PdfPCell cell1 = new PdfPCell(new Phrase("Cell 1"));
            cell1.setUseBorderPadding(true);

            // Setting cell's border width and color
            cell1.setBorderWidth(5f);
            cell1.setBorderColor(BaseColor.BLUE);
            table.addCell(cell1);

            PdfPCell cell2 = new PdfPCell(new Phrase("Cell 2"));
            cell2.setUseBorderPadding(true);

            // Setting cell's background color
            cell2.setBackgroundColor(BaseColor.GRAY);

            // Setting cell's individual border color
            cell2.setBorderWidthTop(1f);
            cell2.setBorderColorTop(BaseColor.RED);
            cell2.setBorderColorRight(BaseColor.GREEN);
            cell2.setBorderColorBottom(BaseColor.BLUE);
            cell2.setBorderColorLeft(BaseColor.BLACK);
            table.addCell(cell2);

            PdfPCell cell3 = new PdfPCell(new Phrase("Cell 3"));
            cell3.setUseBorderPadding(true);

            // Setting cell's individual border width
            cell3.setBorderWidthTop(2f);
            cell3.setBorderWidthRight(1f);
            cell3.setBorderWidthBottom(2f);
            cell3.setBorderWidthLeft(1f);
            table.addCell(cell3);
            table.completeRow();

            doc.add(table);
        } catch (DocumentException | FileNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            doc.close();
        }
    }
}

Maven Dependencies

<!-- http://repo1.maven.org/maven2/com/itextpdf/itextpdf/5.5.10/itextpdf-5.5.10.jar -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.itextpdf</groupId>
    <artifactId>itextpdf</artifactId>
    <version>5.5.10</version>
</dependency>