How do I scale an image in PDF document using iText?

There some methods of the com.itextpdf.text.Image class that can be use to scale the image. These methods include the following: scaleAbsolute(), scaleAbsoluteWidth(), scaleAbsoluteHeight(), scalePercent() and scaleToFit().

package org.kodejava.example.itextpdf;

import com.itextpdf.text.Document;
import com.itextpdf.text.DocumentException;
import com.itextpdf.text.Image;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfWriter;

import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;

public class ImageScalingDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Document doc = new Document();
        try {
            PdfWriter.getInstance(doc, new FileOutputStream("ImageScaling.pdf"));
            doc.open();

            // Scale the image to an absolute width and an absolute
            // height
            String filename = "other-sample/src/main/resources/java.gif";
            Image image = Image.getInstance(filename);
            image.scaleAbsolute(200f, 200f);
            doc.add(image);

            // The following line to prevent the "Server returned
            // HTTP response code: 403" error.
            System.setProperty("http.agent", "Chrome");

            // Scale the image to a certain percentage
            String url = "http://kodejava.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/kodejava.png";
            image = Image.getInstance(url);
            image.scalePercent(200f);
            doc.add(image);

            // Scales the image so that it fits a certain width and
            // height
            image = Image.getInstance(url);
            image.scaleToFit(100f, 200f);
            doc.add(image);
        } catch (DocumentException | IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            doc.close();
        }
    }
}

Maven Dependencies

<!-- http://repo1.maven.org/maven2/com/itextpdf/itextpdf/5.5.10/itextpdf-5.5.10.jar -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.itextpdf</groupId>
    <artifactId>itextpdf</artifactId>
    <version>5.5.10</version>
</dependency>

How do I set the absolute position of an image in iText?

To set the absolute position of an image you can use the setAbsolutePosition() method. This method takes two parameters the X and Y coordinate where the image will be placed. In the pdf document the 0, 0 coordinate is located at the left bottom corner of the document. Let’s see an example below:

package org.kodejava.example.itextpdf;

import com.itextpdf.text.Document;
import com.itextpdf.text.DocumentException;
import com.itextpdf.text.Image;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfWriter;

import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;

public class ImageAbsolutePosition {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Document doc = new Document();
        try {
            PdfWriter.getInstance(doc, new FileOutputStream("ImageAbsolutePosition.pdf"));
            doc.open();

            // Sets the absolute position of the image.
            String filename = "other-sample/src/main/resources/java.gif";
            Image image = Image.getInstance(filename);
            image.setAbsolutePosition(0f, 0f);
            doc.add(image);
        } catch (DocumentException | IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            doc.close();
        }
    }
}

Maven Dependencies

<!-- http://repo1.maven.org/maven2/com/itextpdf/itextpdf/5.5.10/itextpdf-5.5.10.jar -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.itextpdf</groupId>
    <artifactId>itextpdf</artifactId>
    <version>5.5.10</version>
</dependency>

How do I add an image into PDF document in iText?

The following example demonstrate how to add an image into a PDF document using the iText library. Image is created using the com.itextpdf.text.Image class. To create an instance of image we can use the Image.getInstance() method. Below we create an image from an image file name an a URL that point to an image resource.

package org.kodejava.example.itextpdf;

import com.itextpdf.text.Document;
import com.itextpdf.text.DocumentException;
import com.itextpdf.text.Image;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfWriter;

import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;

public class ImageDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Document doc = new Document();
        try {
            PdfWriter.getInstance(doc, new FileOutputStream("ImageDemo.pdf"));
            doc.open();

            // Creating image by file name
            String filename = "other-sample/src/main/resources/java.gif";
            Image image = Image.getInstance(filename);
            doc.add(image);

            // The following line to prevent the "Server returned 
            // HTTP response code: 403" error.
            System.setProperty("http.agent", "Chrome");

            // Creating image from a URL
            String url = "http://kodejava.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/kodejava.png";
            image = Image.getInstance(url);
            doc.add(image);
        } catch (DocumentException | IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            doc.close();
        }
    }
}

Maven Dependencies

<!-- http://repo1.maven.org/maven2/com/itextpdf/itextpdf/5.5.10/itextpdf-5.5.10.jar -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.itextpdf</groupId>
    <artifactId>itextpdf</artifactId>
    <version>5.5.10</version>
</dependency>

How do I create nested Table in iText?

This example show you how to create nested table in iText. To create a nested table you can add a com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfPTable object into a cell using the com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfPCell‘s addElement() method.

package org.kodejava.example.itextpdf;

import com.itextpdf.text.Document;
import com.itextpdf.text.DocumentException;
import com.itextpdf.text.Phrase;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfPCell;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfPTable;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfWriter;

import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;

public class TableNestedDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Document doc = new Document();
        try {
            PdfWriter.getInstance(doc, new FileOutputStream("TableNestedDemo.pdf"));
            doc.open();

            PdfPTable table = new PdfPTable(3);
            PdfPCell cell1 = new PdfPCell(new Phrase("Cell 1"));
            PdfPCell cell2 = new PdfPCell(new Phrase("Cell 2"));
            PdfPCell cell3 = new PdfPCell(new Phrase("Cell 3"));

            PdfPTable nestedTable = new PdfPTable(2);
            nestedTable.addCell(new PdfPCell(new Phrase("Nested 1")));
            nestedTable.addCell(new PdfPCell(new Phrase("Nested 2")));
            cell3.addElement(nestedTable);

            table.addCell(cell1);
            table.addCell(cell2);
            table.addCell(cell3);
            doc.add(table);
        } catch (DocumentException | FileNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            doc.close();
        }
    }
}

Maven Dependencies

<!-- http://repo1.maven.org/maven2/com/itextpdf/itextpdf/5.5.10/itextpdf-5.5.10.jar -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.itextpdf</groupId>
    <artifactId>itextpdf</artifactId>
    <version>5.5.10</version>
</dependency>

How do I set an image as the content of a cell in iText?

This example demonstrate how to add an image into a cell in iText. One way to set image into cell’s content is by creating an instance of com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfPCell and pass an image object (com.itextpdf.text.Image) in the constructor parameter. The constructor also accept a boolean value whether the image will be fitted into the cell or not.

package org.kodejava.example.itextpdf;

import com.itextpdf.text.Document;
import com.itextpdf.text.DocumentException;
import com.itextpdf.text.Image;
import com.itextpdf.text.Phrase;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfPCell;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfPTable;
import com.itextpdf.text.pdf.PdfWriter;

import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.URL;

public class TableImageDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Document doc = new Document();
        try {
            PdfWriter.getInstance(doc, new FileOutputStream("TableImage.pdf"));
            doc.open();

            // Creates a table
            PdfPTable table = new PdfPTable(3);
            PdfPCell cell1 = new PdfPCell(new Phrase("Cell 1"));

            // Creates an image and set it as cell's content
            URL resource = TableImageDemo.class.getResource("/java.gif");
            Image image = Image.getInstance(resource);
            PdfPCell cell2 = new PdfPCell(image, false);
            cell2.setPadding(10);

            PdfPCell cell3 = new PdfPCell(new Phrase("Cell 3"));

            // Add cells to table
            table.addCell(cell1);
            table.addCell(cell2);
            table.addCell(cell3);

            doc.add(table);
        } catch (DocumentException | IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            doc.close();
        }
    }
}

Maven Dependencies

<!-- http://repo1.maven.org/maven2/com/itextpdf/itextpdf/5.5.10/itextpdf-5.5.10.jar -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.itextpdf</groupId>
    <artifactId>itextpdf</artifactId>
    <version>5.5.10</version>
</dependency>