How to write file using Files.newBufferedWriter?

To open a file for writing in JDK 7 you can use the Files.newBufferedWriter() method. This method takes three arguments. We need to pass the Path, the Charset and a varargs of OpenOption.

For example, in the snippet below we pass the path of our log file, we use the StandardCharsets.UTF_8 charset and we use the StandardOpenOption.WRITE to open a file for writing. If you want to open a file and append its contents instead of rewriting it you can use the StandardOpenOption.APPEND.

package org.kodejava.example.nio;

import java.io.BufferedWriter;
import java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Path;
import java.nio.file.Paths;
import java.nio.file.StandardOpenOption;

public class FilesNewBufferedWriter {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Path logFile = Paths.get("app.log");
        try (BufferedWriter writer = Files.newBufferedWriter(logFile,
                StandardCharsets.UTF_8, StandardOpenOption.WRITE)) {

            for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
                writer.write(String.format("Message %s%n", i));
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

Because we use the StandardOpenOption.WRITE we have to make sure that the file to be written is exists. If the file is not available we will get error like java.nio.file.NoSuchFileException.

How do I read all lines from a file?

The java.nio.file.Files.readAllLines() method read all lines from a file. This method ensures that the file is closed when all bytes have been read or an I/O error, or other runtime exception, is thrown. Bytes from the file are decoded into characters using the specified charset.

Note that this method is intended for simple cases where it is convenient to read all lines in a single operation. It is not intended for reading in large files. This method is available in Java 7.

package org.kodejava.example.nio;

import java.net.URI;
import java.nio.charset.Charset;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Paths;
import java.util.List;

public class ReadFileAsListDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        ReadFileAsListDemo demo = new ReadFileAsListDemo();
        demo.readFileAsList();
    }

    private void readFileAsList() {
        String fileName = "/data.txt";

        try {
            URI uri = this.getClass().getResource(fileName).toURI();
            List<String> lines = Files.readAllLines(Paths.get(uri),
                    Charset.defaultCharset());

            for (String line : lines) {
                System.out.println(line);
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}