How do I remove some characters from a StringBuffer?

The example below show you to remove some elements of the StringBuffer. We can use the delete(int start, int end) method call to remove some characters from the specified start index to end end index. We can also remove a character at the specified index using the deleteCharAt(int index) method call.

package org.kodejava.example.lang;

public class StringBufferDelete {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String text = "Learn Java by Examples";

        // Creates a new instance of StringBuffer and initialize
        // it with some text.
        StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer(text);
        System.out.println("Original text  = " + sb.toString());

        // We'll remove a sub string from this StringBuffer starting
        // from the first character to the 10th character.
        sb.delete(0, 10);
        System.out.println("After deletion = " + sb.toString());

        // Removes a char at a specified index from the StringBuffer.
        // In the example below we remove the last character.
        sb.deleteCharAt(sb.length() - 1);
        System.out.println("Final result   = " + sb.toString());

Output of the program is:

Original text  = Learn Java by Examples
After deletion =  by Examples
Final result   =  by Example

How do I remove substring from StringBuilder?

This example demonstrate you how to use the StringBuilder delete(int start, int end) and deleteCharAt(int index) to remove a substring or a single character from a StringBuilder.

package org.kodejava.example.lang;

public class StringBuilderDelete {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        StringBuilder lipsum = new StringBuilder("Lorem ipsum dolor sit " +
                "amet, consectetur adipisicing elit.");
        System.out.println("lipsum = " + lipsum.toString());

        // We'll remove a substring from this StringBuilder starting from
        // the first character to the 28th character.
        lipsum.delete(0, 28);
        System.out.println("lipsum = " + lipsum.toString());

        // Removes a char from the StringBuilder. In the example below we
        // remove the last character.
        lipsum.deleteCharAt(lipsum.length() - 1);
        System.out.println("lipsum = " + lipsum.toString());

The result of the code snippet above:

lipsum = Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit.
lipsum = consectetur adipisicing elit.
lipsum = consectetur adipisicing elit

How do I delete record from table?

In this example we are showing you how to delete a record from table in the database. We use a standard JDBC library for this purpose. For the database we use MySQL, you can use any type of database you want. All you need to do is to find the JDBC driver for the database and configure it accordingly.

So here is the code example for deleting records from a table in database.

package org.kodejava.example.sql;

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.PreparedStatement;

public class DeleteRecordExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        // This is our connection url to MySQL database, where jdbc is the
        // prefix for all jdbc connection. The mysql sub telling that we
        // are using MySQL database. Localhost is where our database is
        // reside and kodejava is our database name.
        String url = "jdbc:mysql://localhost/kodejava";

        // To connect to a database we will need a user and password for
        // the database server to allow us to manipulate its database.
        String username = "kodejava";
        String password = "kodejava123";

        Connection connection = null;
        try {
            // Load the jdbc driver class
            // Then we ask a connection from the DriverManager by passing
            // the connection URL and the password.
            connection = DriverManager.getConnection(url, username, password);

            // To delete records from tables we create an SQL delete command.
            // The question mark that we used in the where clause will be the
            // holder of value that will be assigned by PreparedStatement
            // class.
            String sql = "DELETE FROM m_users WHERE id = ?";
            int id = 2;

            // Create a statement object. We use PreparedStatement here.
            PreparedStatement statement = connection.prepareStatement(sql);

            // Pass a value of a userId that will tell the database which
            // records in the database to be deleted. Remember that when
            // using a statement object the index parameter is start from
            // 1 not 0 as in the Java array data type index.
            statement.setInt(1, id);

            // Tell the statement to execute the command. The executeUpdate()
            // method for a delete command returns number of records deleted
            // as the command executed in the database. If no records was
            // deleted it will simply return 0
            int rows = statement.executeUpdate();

            System.out.println(rows + " record(s) deleted.");
        } catch (Exception e) {
        } finally {
            if (connection != null && !connection.isClosed()) {