How do I get all Sundays of the year in Java?

You need the create a holiday calendar for your application. One of the functionality is to include all Sundays of the year as a holiday for your calendar. The following code snippet will show you how to get all Sundays of the given year. First we need to find the first Sunday of the year using the first 3 lines of code in the main() method. After getting the first Sunday we just need to loop to add 7 days using the Period.ofDays() to the current Sunday to get the next Sunday. We stop the loop when the year of the Sunday is different to the current year.

package org.kodejava.example.datetime;

import java.time.DayOfWeek;
import java.time.LocalDate;
import java.time.Month;
import java.time.Period;
import java.time.format.DateTimeFormatter;
import java.time.format.FormatStyle;

import static java.time.temporal.TemporalAdjusters.firstInMonth;

public class FindAllSundaysOfTheYear {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Create a LocalDate object that represent the first day of the year.
        int year = 2020;
        LocalDate now = LocalDate.of(year, Month.JANUARY, 1);
        // Find the first Sunday of the year
        LocalDate sunday = now.with(firstInMonth(DayOfWeek.SUNDAY));

        do {
            // Loop to get every Sunday by adding Period.ofDays(7) the the current Sunday.
            System.out.println(sunday.format(DateTimeFormatter.ofLocalizedDate(FormatStyle.FULL)));
            sunday = sunday.plus(Period.ofDays(7));
        } while (sunday.getYear() == year);
    }
}

The output of this code snippet are:

Sunday, January 5, 2020
Sunday, January 12, 2020
Sunday, January 19, 2020
Sunday, January 26, 2020
Sunday, February 2, 2020
Sunday, February 9, 2020
Sunday, February 16, 2020
Sunday, February 23, 2020
...
Sunday, December 6, 2020
Sunday, December 13, 2020
Sunday, December 20, 2020
Sunday, December 27, 2020

How do I format date-time objects in Java 8?

In your Java application you want to format date-time objects using the new date and time API introduced in JDK 8. A solution to this problem is to use the java.time.format.DateTimeFormatter. The DateTimeFormatter class provides formatter for printing and parsing date-time objects.

With this class we can format the date-time objects using a predefined constants, there are many predefined ready to use formats, such as ISO_DATE, ISO_DATE_TIME. You can also using the pattern letters to format the date-time objects, for instance using the dd MMMM yyyy. The formatter can format in localized style, in a long or medium style.

Let’s see an example below:

package org.kodejava.example.datetime;

import java.time.LocalDateTime;
import java.time.format.DateTimeFormatter;
import java.util.Locale;

public class DateTimeFormatterDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Get system current date and time.
        LocalDateTime time = LocalDateTime.now();

        // Get an instance of DateTimeFormatter and print a
        // formatted version of the system current date-time
        // using a predefined formatter.
        DateTimeFormatter format = DateTimeFormatter.ISO_DATE_TIME;
        System.out.printf("Time: %s%n", time.format(format));

        // Create a custom formatter and format the date-time
        // object.
        DateTimeFormatter customFormat = 
                DateTimeFormatter.ofPattern("MMMM d, yyyy hh:mm a");
        System.out.printf("Time: %s%n", time.format(customFormat));

        // Create a custom formatter with locale and format the
        // date-time object.
        DateTimeFormatter localeFormat = 
                DateTimeFormatter.ofPattern("d MMM yyyy HH:mm:ss", 
                    Locale.FRENCH);
        System.out.printf("Time: %s%n", time.format(localeFormat));
    }
}

The results of the code above are:

Time: 2016-02-07T22:57:47.402
Time: February 7, 2016 10:57 PM
Time: 7 févr. 2016 22:57:47

How do I convert Date to String?

package org.kodejava.example.text;

import java.text.DateFormat;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.time.LocalDate;
import java.time.format.DateTimeFormatter;
import java.util.Calendar;
import java.util.Date;

public class DateToString {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Create an instance of SimpleDateFormat used for formatting
        // the string representation of date (day/month/year)
        String pattern = "dd/MM/yyyy";
        DateFormat df = new SimpleDateFormat(pattern);

        // Get the date today using Calendar object.
        Date today = Calendar.getInstance().getTime();

        // Using DateFormat format method we can create a string
        // representation of a date with the defined format.
        String reportDate = df.format(today);

        // Print what date is today!
        System.out.println("Report Date: " + reportDate);

        // Using Java 8.
        // Creates a DateTimeFormatter using the ofPattern() method. Get
        // the current date by calling the .now() method of LocalDate.
        // To convert to string use the format() method of the LocalDate
        // and pass the formatter object as argument.
        DateTimeFormatter formatter = DateTimeFormatter.ofPattern(pattern);
        LocalDate now = LocalDate.now();
        reportDate = now.format(formatter);
        System.out.println("Report Date: " + reportDate);
    }
}