How do I copy a file in JDK 7?

In this example you’ll see how to copy a file using the new API provided in the JDK 7. The first step is to define the source and the target of the file to be copied. For this we can use the Path class. To create an instance of Path we use the Paths.get() method by passing the path information as the arguments.

Next we can configure the file copy operation option. For this we can define it as an array of CopyOtion. We can use copy option such as StandardCopyOption.REPLACE_EXISTING and StandardCopyOption.COPY_ATTRIBUTES.

Finally to copy the file we use the Files.copy() method. We give three arguments to this method, they are the source file, the target file and the copy options information.

Let’s see the code snippet below:


import java.nio.file.*;

public class NioFileCopyDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Define the source and target of the file to be copied.
        Path source = Paths.get("C:/resources/data.txt");
        Path target = Paths.get("C:/resources/data.bak");

        // Define the options used in the file copy process.
        CopyOption[] options = new CopyOption[] {

        try {
            // Copy file from source to target using the defined 
            // configuration.
            Files.copy(source, target, options);
        } catch (IOException e) {

How do I use Java NIO to copy file?

The following code snippet show you how to copy a file using the NIO API. The NIO (New IO) API is in the java.nio.* package. It requires at least Java 1.4 because the API was first included in this version. The JAVA NIO is a block based IO processing, instead of a stream based IO which is the old version IO processing in Java.


import java.nio.channels.FileChannel;
import java.nio.ByteBuffer;

public class CopyFileExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        String source = "medical-report.txt";
        String destination = "medical-report-final.txt";

        FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream(source);
        FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(destination);

        FileChannel inputChannel = fis.getChannel();
        FileChannel outputChannel = fos.getChannel();

        // Create a buffer with 1024 size for buffering data
        // while copying from source file to destination file.
        // To create the buffer here we used a static method
        // ByteBuffer.allocate()
        ByteBuffer buffer = ByteBuffer.allocate(1024);

        // Here we start to read the source file and write it
        // to the destination file. We repeat this process
        // until the read method of input stream channel return
        // nothing (-1).
        while (true) {
            // Read a block of data and put it in the buffer
            int read =;

            // Did we reach the end of the channel? if yes
            // jump out the while-loop
            if (read == -1) {

            // flip the buffer

            // write to the destination channel and clear the buffer.