How do I convert between old Date and Calendar object with the new Java 8 Date Time?

In this example we will learn how to convert the old java.util.Date and java.util.Calendar objects to the new Date Time introduced in Java 8. The first method in the code snippet below dateToNewDate() show conversion of java.util.Date while the calendarToNewDate() show the conversion of java.util.Calendar.

The java.util.Date and java.util.Calendar provide a toInstant() method to convert the objects to the new Date Time API class of the java.time.Instant. To convert the old date into the Java 8 LocalDate, LocalTime and LocalDateTime we first can create an instance of ZonedDateTime using the atZone() method of the Instant class.

ZonedDateTime zonedDateTime = instant.atZone(ZoneId.systemDefault());

From an instance of ZonedDateTime class we can call the toLocalDate(), toLocalTime() and toLocalDateTime() to get instance of LocalDate, LocalTime and LocalDateTime.

To convert back from the new Java 8 date to the old java.util.Date we can use the Date.from() static factory method and passing and instance of java.time.Instant that we can obtain by calling the following code.

Instant instant1 = dateTime.atZone(ZoneId.systemDefault()).toInstant();
Date now1 = Date.from(instant1);

Here are the complete code snippet to convert java.util.Date to the new Java 8 Date Time.

private static void dateToNewDate() {
    Date now = new Date();
    Instant instant = now.toInstant();

    ZonedDateTime zonedDateTime = instant.atZone(ZoneId.systemDefault());

    LocalDate date = zonedDateTime.toLocalDate();
    LocalTime time = zonedDateTime.toLocalTime();
    LocalDateTime dateTime = zonedDateTime.toLocalDateTime();

    Instant instant1 = dateTime.atZone(ZoneId.systemDefault()).toInstant();
    Date now1 = Date.from(instant1);

    System.out.println("java.util.Date          = " + now);
    System.out.println("java.time.LocalDate     = " + date);
    System.out.println("java.time.LocalTime     = " + time);
    System.out.println("java.time.LocalDateTime = " + dateTime);
    System.out.println("java.util.Date          = " + now1);

The steps for converting from the java.util.Calendar to the new Java 8 date can be seen in the code snippet below. As with java.util.Date the Calendar class provide toInstant() method to convert the calendar to java.time.Instant object.

Using the LocalDateTime.ofInstant() method we can create a LocalDateTime object from the instant object. By having the LocalDateTime object we can then get an instance of LocalDate and LocalTime by calling the toLocalDate() and toLocalTime() method.

Finally, to convert back to java.util.Calendar we can use the GregorianCalendar.from() static factory method which require an instance of ZonedDateTime to be passed as a parameter. To get an instance of ZonedDateTime we can call LocalDateTime.atZone() method. You can see the complete code in the code snippet below.

private static void calendarToNewDate() {
    Calendar now = Calendar.getInstance();

    LocalDateTime dateTime = LocalDateTime.ofInstant(now.toInstant(),

    LocalDate date = dateTime.toLocalDate();
    LocalTime time = dateTime.toLocalTime();

    ZonedDateTime zonedDateTime = dateTime.atZone(ZoneId.systemDefault());
    Calendar now1 = GregorianCalendar.from(zonedDateTime);

    System.out.println("java.util.Calendar      = " + now);
    System.out.println("java.time.LocalDateTime = " + dateTime);
    System.out.println("java.time.LocalDate     = " + date);
    System.out.println("java.time.LocalTime     = " + time);
    System.out.println("java.util.Calendar      = " + now1);

Below is the main Java class to run the code snippet. You must place the above methods inside this class to run the code snippet.

package org.kodejava.datetime;

import java.time.*;
import java.util.Calendar;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.GregorianCalendar;

public class LegacyDateCalendarToNewDateExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {

Here are the result of the code snippet above. The first group is conversion the java.util.Date to the new Date Time API. The second group is conversion from the java.util.Calendar to the new Date Time API.

java.util.Date          = Tue Nov 16 08:44:51 CST 2021
java.time.LocalDate     = 2021-11-16
java.time.LocalTime     = 08:44:51.031
java.time.LocalDateTime = 2021-11-16T08:44:51.031
java.util.Date          = Tue Nov 16 08:44:51 CST 2021

java.util.Calendar      = java.util.GregorianCalendar[time=1637023491089,areFieldsSet=true,areAllFieldsSet=true,lenient=true,zone=sun.util.calendar.ZoneInfo[id="Asia/Shanghai",offset=28800000,dstSavings=0,useDaylight=false,transitions=31,lastRule=null],firstDayOfWeek=1,minimalDaysInFirstWeek=1,ERA=1,YEAR=2021,MONTH=10,WEEK_OF_YEAR=47,WEEK_OF_MONTH=3,DAY_OF_MONTH=16,DAY_OF_YEAR=320,DAY_OF_WEEK=3,DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH=3,AM_PM=0,HOUR=8,HOUR_OF_DAY=8,MINUTE=44,SECOND=51,MILLISECOND=89,ZONE_OFFSET=28800000,DST_OFFSET=0]
java.time.LocalDateTime = 2021-11-16T08:44:51.089
java.time.LocalDate     = 2021-11-16
java.time.LocalTime     = 08:44:51.089
java.util.Calendar      = java.util.GregorianCalendar[time=1637023491089,areFieldsSet=true,areAllFieldsSet=true,lenient=true,zone=sun.util.calendar.ZoneInfo[id="Asia/Shanghai",offset=28800000,dstSavings=0,useDaylight=false,transitions=31,lastRule=null],firstDayOfWeek=2,minimalDaysInFirstWeek=4,ERA=1,YEAR=2021,MONTH=10,WEEK_OF_YEAR=46,WEEK_OF_MONTH=3,DAY_OF_MONTH=16,DAY_OF_YEAR=320,DAY_OF_WEEK=3,DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH=3,AM_PM=0,HOUR=8,HOUR_OF_DAY=8,MINUTE=44,SECOND=51,MILLISECOND=89,ZONE_OFFSET=28800000,DST_OFFSET=0]

How do I convert double value into int value?

To convert double value into an int value we can use type casting or using the Double.intValue() method call. The code snippet below show you how to do it.

package org.kodejava.basic;

public class DoubleToInt {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Double numberA = 49.99;
        System.out.println("numberA = " + numberA);

        // Converting Double value to int value by calling
        // the Double.intValue() method.
        int numberB = numberA.intValue();
        System.out.println("numberB = " + numberB);

        // Converting Double value to int value by casting
        // the primitive double value of the Double instance
        int numberC = (int) numberA.doubleValue();
        System.out.println("numberC = " + numberC);

        double numberD = 99.99;
        System.out.println("numberD = " + numberD);

        // Converting double value into int value using
        // type casting
        int numberE = (int) numberD;
        System.out.println("numberE = " + numberE);

How do I convert angle from radians to degrees?

The example below show you how to convert an angle measured in radians into degrees and vice versa. We can use the Math.toDegrees() and Math.toRadians() method call to do the conversion.

package org.kodejava.math;

public class RadiansDegreeConversionExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        double radians = 1.0d;
        double degrees = 45d;

        // Converts an angle measured in radians to an
        // approximately equivalent angle measured in
        // degrees.
        double toDegree = Math.toDegrees(radians);

        // Converts an angle measured in degrees to an
        // approximately equivalent angle measured in
        // radians.
        double toRadians = Math.toRadians(degrees);

        System.out.println("Radians " + radians + " in degrees  = " + toDegree);
        System.out.println("Degrees " + degrees + " in radians = " + toRadians);

The result of the snippet above are:

Radians 1.0 in degrees  = 57.29577951308232
Degrees 45.0 in radians = 0.7853981633974483

How do I convert BigInteger into another radix number?

In this example you’ll see how we can convert a java.math.BigInteger number into another radix such as binary, octal and hexadecimal.

package org.kodejava.math;

import java.math.BigInteger;

public class BigIntegerConversion {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        BigInteger number = new BigInteger("2021");
        System.out.println("Number      = " + number);
        System.out.println("Binary      = " + number.toString(2));
        System.out.println("Octal       = " + number.toString(8));
        System.out.println("Hexadecimal = " + number.toString(16));

        number = new BigInteger("FF", 16);
        System.out.println("Number      = " + number);
        System.out.println("Number      = " + number.toString(16));

The result of our examples:

Number      = 2021
Binary      = 11111100101
Octal       = 3745
Hexadecimal = 7e5
Number      = 255
Number      = ff

How do I convert InputStream to String?

This example will show you how to convert an InputStream into String. In the code snippet below we read a data.txt file, could be from common directory or from inside a jar file.


import java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets;

public class StreamToString {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        StreamToString demo = new StreamToString();

        // Get input stream of our data file. This file can be in
        // the root of your application folder or inside a jar file
        // if the program is packed as a jar.
        InputStream is = demo.getClass().getResourceAsStream("/student.csv");

        // Call the method to convert the stream to string

    private String convertStreamToString(InputStream stream) throws IOException {
        // To convert the InputStream to String we use the
        //[] buffer) method. We iterate until the
        // Reader return -1 which means there's no more data to
        // read. We use the StringWriter class to produce the string.
        if (stream != null) {
            Writer writer = new StringWriter();

            char[] buffer = new char[1024];
            try (stream) {
                Reader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(stream,
                int length;
                while ((length = != -1) {
                    writer.write(buffer, 0, length);
            return writer.toString();
        return "";