How do I use the && operator in Java?

The && operator also known as conditional-AND operator or short circuit AND. This operator exhibit “short-circuiting” behavior, which means that the second operand is evaluated only if needed.

The && operator evaluate only boolean values. For an AND (&&) expression to be true, both operands must be true. If the first operand resolves false, then the && operator will not evaluate the second operand, because it already know the complete expression will return false.

package org.kodejava.example.fundamental;

public class ConditionalANDDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // second operand (2<3) is not evaluated, because the first
        // operand return false the result of complete expression
        // can't be true
        boolean a = (5 < 3) && (2 < 3);

        // first operand return true, second operand is evaluated
        // to check the result of the second expression if second
        // operand resolves to true, the complete expression return
        // false, otherwise return false
        boolean b = (1 == 1) && (2 < 3);
        boolean c = (1 == 1) && (5 < 3);

        System.out.println("result a: " + a);
        System.out.println("result b: " + b);
        System.out.println("result c: " + c);
    }
}

The result of the code snippet:

result a: false
result b: true
result c: false

How do I do bitwise AND operation?

package org.kodejava.example.lang;

public class ANDDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        int numberA = 16;
        int numberB = 16;

        // Operator "&"  is used for doing bitwise AND operation
        int result = numberA & numberB;

        System.out.println(numberA + " & " + numberB + " = " + result);

        // Print the result in binary format
        System.out.println(Integer.toBinaryString(numberA) +
                " & " + Integer.toBinaryString(numberB) +
                " = " + Integer.toBinaryString(result));
    }
}

The result of the code snippet:

16 & 16 = 16
10000 & 10000 = 10000