How do I create a URL object?

package org.kodejava.example.net;

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.net.MalformedURLException;
import java.net.URL;

public class URLDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try {
            //
            // Creating a url object by specifing each parameter separately, including
            // the protocol, hostname, port number, and the page name
            //
            URL url = new URL("http", "www.kodejava.org", 80, "/index.html");

            //
            // We can also specify the address in a single line
            //
            url = new URL("http://www.kodejava.org:80/index.html");

            BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(url.openStream()));

            String line;
            while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
                System.out.println(line);
            }

            reader.close();
        } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

How do I read / download webpage content?

You want to create a program that read a webpage content of a website page. The example below use the URL class to create a connection to the website. You create a new URL object and pass the url information of a page. After the object created you can open a stream connection using the openStream() method of the URL object.

Next, you can read the stream using the BufferedReader object. This reader allows you to read line by line from the stream. To write it to a file create a writer using the BufferedWriter object and specify the file name where the downloaded page will be stored.

When all the content are read from the stream and stored in a file close the BufferedReader object and the BufferedWriter object at the end of your program.

package org.kodejava.example.net;

import java.io.*;
import java.net.MalformedURLException;
import java.net.URL;

public class UrlReadPageDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try {
            URL url = new URL("http://www.kodejava.org");

            BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(url.openStream()));
            BufferedWriter writer = new BufferedWriter(new FileWriter("data.html"));

            String line;
            while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
                System.out.println(line);
                writer.write(line);
                writer.newLine();
            }

            reader.close();
            writer.close();
        } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }  catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

How do I ping a host?

Since Java 1.5 (Tiger) the java.net.InetAddress class introduces isReachable() method that can be use to ping or check if the address specified by the InetAddress is reachable.

package org.kodejava.example.net;

import java.net.InetAddress;

public class PingExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try {
            InetAddress address = InetAddress.getByName("172.16.2.0");

            // Try to reach the specified address within the timeout
            // period. If during this period the address cannot be
            // reach then the method returns false.
            boolean reachable = address.isReachable(10000);

            System.out.println("Is host reachable? " + reachable);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

How do I get IP address of localhost?

The example here show you how to get an IP or host address using the java.net.InetAddress class. To get an instance of InetAddress we call a static method of this class, the method is getLocalHost(), which return the local host address. Next, to get the IP address we can call the getHostAddress() method.

package org.kodejava.example.net;

import java.net.InetAddress;
import java.net.UnknownHostException;

public class IPAddressExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try {
            InetAddress address = InetAddress.getLocalHost();
            String ip = address.getHostAddress();

            System.out.println("IP Address = " + ip);
        } catch (UnknownHostException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

The result of this code snippet:

IP Address = 192.168.1.64