How do I use the java.time.DayOfWeek enum?

The java.time.DayOfWeek enums in Java 8 Date-Time API describes the days of the week. The enum has constants value from DayOfWeek.MONDAY through DayOfWeek.SUNDAY. These enums also have their integer values where 1 is equal to MONDAY and 7 is equal to SUNDAY.

In the code snippet below you can see a couple usage of the DayOfWeek enums. We start by getting all the enum values using the values() method that return an array of DayOfWeek. We iterate this array and print out the enum value and its corresponding integer value.

To create a DayOfWeek object we can use the of(int) factory method. We pass an integer value of this method. For example giving 1 will give us the DayOfWeek.MONDAY. We can also utilize enum valueOf(String) method to create enum from string value.

To get the DayOfWeek from a date-time object we can use the getDayOfWeek() method. Below we get the day of week from a LocalDate object.

We can also get the day of week for a specific locale. To do this we can use the DayOfWeek.getDisplayName(TextStyle, Locale) method. The TextStyle can be of value TextStyle.FULL, TextStyle.SHORT, TextStyle.NARROW which will give us the full, short, and narrow version of the display name. The example below get the display name for Indonesian and German version.

There is also a plus(long) method that can be use to add number of days to a DayOfWeek object. For example adding 4 to MONDAY will give us DayOfWeek.FRIDAY.

Here is the complete code for the snippets above:

And the result of the code above are:

How do I format date-time obects in Java 8?

In your Java application you want to format date-time objects using the new date and time API introduced in JDK 8. A solution to this problem is to use the java.time.format.DateTimeFormatter. The DateTimeFormatter class provides formatter for printing and parsing date-time objects.

With this class we can format the date-time objects using a predefined constants, there are many predefined ready to use formats, such as ISO_DATE, ISO_DATE_TIME. You can also using the pattern letters to format the date-time objects, for instance using the dd MMMM yyyy. The formatter can format in localized style, in a long or medium style.

Let’s see an example below:

The result of the code above are:

How can I insert an element in array at a given position?

As we know an array in Java is a fixed-size object, once it created its size cannot be changed. So if you want to have a resizable array-like object where you can insert an element at a given position you can use a java.util.List object type instead.

This example will show you how you can achieve array insert using the java.uti.List and java.util.ArrayList object. Let see the code snippet below.

In the code snippet above the original array of Integer numbers will be converted into a List, in this case we use an ArrayList, by adding all elements of the array into the list using the List.addAll() method. The Arrays.asList() can be use to convert an array into a collection type object.

Next we insert a new element into the List using the add(int index, E element) method. Where index is the insert / add position and element is the element to be inserted. After the new element inserted we convert the List back to the original array.

Below is the result of the code snippet above: