How do I create a rolling log files?

In this example we create a rolling or a sequenced of log files. Instead of just limiting the file size (see. How do I limit the size of log file) we can also make the log file to roll. This will prevent a lost to an important log message if we use a single log file.

When using more that one file the log file name will have a sequence number in it starting from 0 to N-1. If we set the count to 5 then we’ll have log files such as myapp.log.0, myapp.log.1 up to myapp.log.5.

If the first log file (myapp.log.0) is about to full, it will be renamed to (myapp.log.1) before the log is written to the first log file. The log is always written to the first file (myapp.log.0).

To read the log messages in sequence you need to start from the highest to the lowest sequence number.

By running this program multiple times you’ll see the creation of the log file one by one.

How do I limit the size of log file?

In this example you learn how to limit the size of a log file when using a
FileHandler handler. Limiting the log file will prevent the log
file to grow wildly without limit.

How do I create a custom logger Formatter?

To create a custom Formatter we need to extends the Formatter
abstract class and implements the format(LogRecord record) method. In the
method then we can format the log message stored in the LogRecord to match
our need.

The Formatter class also have the getHead(Handler h) and
getTail(Handler h) which can be overrided to add a head and a tail to our log
message.

Below is an output produced by the custom formatter above.